If you use the paths and trails around Fort St. John be prepared, over the next few weeks to encounter RCMP officers operating ATV’S.In response to the recent rash of property mischief cases and the illegal operation of ATV’S, police will be patrolling paths and trials in and around the city, while on ATVâ€™s. Authorities want to remind those operating them to stick to the trails designated for their recreational vehicles, noting they’re not permitted on roadways.- Advertisement -They also note again the fine for those caught operating them illegally is 598 dollars.Meantime, the hunt continues for suspects involved in the recent rash of property vandalism and police continue to take public information assistance calls at 250-787-8140 and 1-800-222-8477.
0Shares0000Nakumatt FC striker Kepha Aswani celebrates after scoring hjis second goal during the team’s 2-0 win over Posta Rangers at the Ruaraka Complex on September 9, 2017. PHOTO/Raymond MakhayaNAIROBI, Kenya, Nov 1- Nakumatt FC striker Kepha Aswani has found favor in the eyes of Harambee Stars First Coach Stanley Okumbi who has called up the goal poacher in the preliminary squad that will go into camp ahead of the November 14 friendly match against Zambia.Aswani has been the shining light for Nakumatt this season, striking 12 goals so far and tying with Gor Mahia’s Jacques Tuyisenge at the apex of the Kenyan Premier League goal scorers’ chart. Okumbi has named a squad of 28, purely comprised of local based players and he has thrown in a few surprises as well with Chemelil Sugar midfielder Shaffan Siwa included and will be making his first ever cut into the national squad.Okumbi has also called in AFC Leopards goalkeeper Gabriel Andika who helped Ingwe into the GOtv Shield title as well as Vihiga United defender Bernard Ochieng.Other National Super League players called in include Nakuru All Stars’ Peter Ng’ang’a and Vihiga forward Chris Masinza.Former AFC leopards winger Simon Abuko who has been doing well with NSL side KCB has also been drafted in the squad of 28 expected to be whittled down to 22 before the match.Western Stima forward Ezekiel Otuoma, formerly with Muhoroni Youth and Ulinzi Stars has also earned a call up.Stars had initially been scheduled to play Rwanda but the latter withdrawn as they will be playing Ethiopia in a 2018 African Nations Championship (CHAN) qualifier this weekend.Harambee Stars squadGoalkeepersBoniface Oluoch (Gor Mahia), Gabriel Andika (AFC Leopards), Patrick Matasi (Posta Rangers)DefendersBenard Ochieng (Vihiga United), Wellington Ochieng (Gor Mahia), Dennis Sikhayi (AFC Leopards), Jockins Atudo (Posta Rangers), Harun Shakava (Gor Mahia), Musa Mohammed (Gor Mahia), Charles Momanyi (Kakamega Homeboyz), Omar Mbongi (Ulinzi Stars).MidfieldersErnest Wendo (Gor Mahia), Shaffan Siwa (Chemelil Sugar), Kenneth Muguna (Gor Mahia), Patillah Omotto (Kariobangi Sharks), Peter Ng’ang’a (Nakuru All-Stars), Duncan Otieno (AFC Leopards), Chris Ochieng (Mathare United), Jackson Macharia (Tusker FC), Whyvonne Isuzza (AFC Leopards).AttackersSamuel Onyango (Ulinzi Stars), Kepha Aswani (Nakumatt), George Odhiambo (Gor Mahia), Masoud Juma (Kariobangi Sharks), Vincent Oburu (AFC Leopards) Chris Masinza (Vihiga United), Simon Abuko (KCB), Ezekiel Otuoma (Western Stima).0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
“If you look at the squad we have put in, then you understand how seriously we are taking this tournament. Small teams can surprise you and you can’t take chances. I am happy that we are through to the next round and we will keep working hard,” Baraza said.He added; “We want to win this tournament and go back to continental football. We look at Gor Mahia and the success they have is because of playing in the continent. That is what we want as a club. As a coach also, I want to make history as well.”Sofapaka won the tournament in 2007, 2010 and 2014 and since then, they have endured trophy drought which might come to its end this season.Sofapaka head coach John Baraza watches as his side won 3-0 against Baba Dogo United in teh FKF SHield round of 32 on June 24, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluTheir most successful spell after hoping into continental football was in 2011 after winning the 2010 Shield when they went all the way to the third round and were just a fraction off booking a slot in the group stages.Baraza was a part of that team, scoring crucial goals to help them through.Elsewhere, 2016 champions Tusker FC moved to the third round with a hard fought 2-1 win over 2015 champs Bandari in Mombasa.Robert Matano looks set to move into his third consecutive final as a coach having reached 2016 with Ulinzi and won it last year with AFC Leopards.Round of 32 resultsWednesday: Gor Mahia 5-0 Kenpoly (Kenyatta Stadium, Machakos)Ulinzi Stars 2-0 Kakamega Homeboyz (walkover- Afraha Stadium, Nakuru).Sunday Vegpro 0-4 Vihiga United (Karuturi Grounds, 1 pm)Rainforest 0-4 AFC Leopards (Karuturi Grounds, 3.15 pm)Friend Zone 2-1 Zetech University (Camp Toyoyo, 11 am)Sofapaka 3-0 Baba Dogo United (Camp Toyoyo, 1 pm)Kenya Police 2-0 Nzoia Sugar (Narok Stadium, 3 pm) (Walkover)Western Stima 0(4)-0(2)Bidco United (Moi Stadium Kisumu, 3 pm)Bungoma Superstars 2-1 Transfoc (Kanduyi Stadium, 3 pm)Saturday Mwatate United 2-0 Ushuru (Wundanyi Stadium, 3 pm) (Walkover)Bandari 1-2 Tusker (Mbaraki Grounds, 3 pm)Leysa 2-1 KCB (Camp Toyoyo, 1 pm)Kariobangi Sharks 2(4)-2(2) Wazito (Camp Toyoyo, 3.15 pm)Posta Rangers 1-0 Kisumu Hot Stars (Green Stadium Kericho, 1 pm)Kisumu All-Stars 1-4 Riverplate (Moi Stadium Kisumu, 3 pm)Ligi Ndogo 0(2)-0(3) Modern Coast Rangers (Hope Center, 3 pm)0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Sofapaka FC strikers Umaru Kassumba and Stephen Waruru celebrate during their 3-0 win over Baba Dogo United in their Football Kenya Federation (FKF) Shield round of 32 match at the Camp Toyoyo Ground on June 24, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, Jun 25- Having won the title as a player and gone on to progress to the third round of the CAF Confederation Cup in 2011, Sofapaka boss John Baraza now targets to replicate the same feat this year as a coach.Batoto ba Mungu progressed to the third round of the Football Kenya Federation (FKF) Shield after a comfortable 3-0 win over Baba Dogo United on Sunday and the performance gave Baraza confidence that they are on the right path.
Two Donegal friends are to take on an epic 100km run from Sligo to Letterkenny this weekend in aid of charity.Deirdre Boyle from Creeslough and Pauric O’Donnell from Letterkenny hope to complete the run in two days this Friday and Saturday.The pair are traveling to Uganda on July 19th to volunteer with the Loving Hearts Babies Home in Kampala, Uganda. They have been training hard for the 2.5 marathon run by clocking up to 70 miles each over the past eight weeks.“The level of support we have received from friends, family and strangers is absolutely fantastic – the generosity of Irish people knows no bounds. It’s a difficult challenge we’ve set ourselves but we’ll be keeping our focus on the reason we’re doing this and the kids who are going to benefit from it,” Deirdre explained.Neither Deirdre or Pauric are strangers to running with both running marathons in the past but nothing comes close to the task of running two Ultramarathons one day after another.Pauric added “It’s the hardest challenge we’ve ever set ourselves, but we’re confident that with the support we’ve received and in the training we’ve completed that we will be able to achieve our goals and raise as much as possible for the orphanage in the process.” The Loving Hearts Babies Home (www.lovingheartsbabies.com) is a place abandoned babies from 0 to 2 years call home.They are committed to observe and maintain the dignity and rights of the abandoned/orphaned babies by providing the basic individual needs as enjoyed by other privileged babies with caring families.Pauric would like to thank Danny Ryan and the rest of the Core Training Group from Letterkenny for helping prepare him for the run as well as John Grant, Damien McGoohan and Terance Boyle who are their support crew this weekend.Deirdre would like to especially thank her family and friends who supported her in the build up to the run including John Boylan, Conal McFadden and her sister Evelyn for all their training help and everyone else who has sponsored and offered help to her efforts!Special thanks also goes to Tommy Gallagher from CorePro Fitness, Letterkenny who worked hard as the physio for the guys and to Brian McMonagle who has generously donated the use of the HydroTherapy in Aura Leisure Centre to the runners in the build up to the weekend – something that Pauric and Deirdre found essential in their training recovery and run preparation. If you’d like to sponsor the guys, in the knowledge that every penny will be taken straight to those who need it, you can do so on their online donation page here…http://www.give2go.ie/profile/DeeboyleDONEGAL FRIENDS TO TAKE ON EPIC RUN FOR ABANDONED BABIES was last modified: July 4th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:charityDeirdre BoylePauric O’DonnellSligo to Letterkenny
Guardiola was sent to the stands during Liverpool’s defeat of Man City at the Etihad 1 Pep Guardiola has been suspended for two Champions League matches by UEFA, European footballs governing body.Guardiola, the Manchester City manager, was sent off at half-time of Citys quarter-final second leg defeat to Liverpool at the Etihad Stadium on April 10, and his suspension is to do with the conduct he showed in that match.The 47-year-old former Barcelona boss misses one game next season, which is set to be Citys first Champions League match of the new campaign.He will only serve the second match of his ban if he is disciplined by UEFA for a further offence throughout 2017/18.Liverpool have been fined just over £25,000 for the crowd incidents that occurred during their Champions League quarter- and semi-finals.
Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father Kodjia was a prolific goal scorer before suffering two serious injuries Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland RANKED Villa could be forced to cash in on some of their star players this summer due to ongoing financial issues, and it is stated that a number of clubs are monitoring Kodjia’s situation.Kodjia, the Ivory Coast international, has played for Villa for the last two seasons, since joining from Bristol City in August 2016. LATEST REVEALED IN DEMAND TOP WORK Liverpool’s signings under Michael Edwards – will Minamino be the next big hit? targets Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer Chelsea confident of beating Man United and Liverpool to Sancho signing Latest transfer news Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Kodjia has scored five goals in 10 games for the Ivory Coast 2 The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star 2 moving on three-way race targets Leeds United are considering making a move for Jonathan Kodjia, the Aston Villa forward, according to reports.Marcelo Bielsa, named Leeds manager earlier this summer, has made it one of his priorities to bring a new striker to Elland Road ahead of the 2018/19 campaign. Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Talks have been going on between Leeds and Championship rivals Derby over a deal for Matej Vydra, last season’s second tier top scorer, but the Czech Republic forward’s move to Elland Road has been dragging on for a couple of weeks.And, according to Football Insider, Leeds are ‘readying a move’ for Kodjia as an alternative to Vydra. LIVING THE DREAM The 28-year-old has scored 20 goals in 54 matches for Steve Bruce’s side, though Kodjia has endured a tough last year which has seen him undergo surgery on two serious ankle injuries. He returned to competitive football towards the end of the 2017/18 campaign, but ended the season with just one goal in 18 appearances.
Eight days after signing a five-year, $73 million contract extension, Amare Stoudemire underwent surgery Tuesday to repair damage to his left knee and will be sidelined for about four months. The extent of the injury to the Phoenix Suns’ dynamic young all-star was determined during “diagnostic” surgery by team doctor Thomas Carter, who then proceeded with the microfracture repair, Suns president Bryan Colangelo said. Stoudemire, who turns 23 next month, signed for the maximum allowed under the NBA’s collective bargaining agreement with the players union. The extension kicks in after this season. Colangelo said the team knew of Stoudemire’s knee problem during contract negotiations, but was not aware of the extent until Tuesday’s surgery. Even had they known, it would not have had an impact on signing a player the Suns believe could develop into the best in the NBA. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week “Whatever is in the best interest of Amare is in the best interest of the Suns,” Colangelo said. The team projects Stoudemire to return around the All-Star break Feb. 17-21. Clippers update: The Clippers trimmed their training camp roster to 18 by releasing Amal McCaskill and Jan Jagla. Five players without guaranteed contracts – Rodney White, Yuta Tabuse, Jared Reiner, Fred Vinson and Boniface N’Dong – remain on the squad. … Shaun Livingston is expected to miss tonight’s preseason opener – a 7:30 game against Dallas at Staples Center – because of his strained lower back. Corey Maggette has a slightly strained hamstring and officially is listed as questionable, but he likely will play. – Joe Stevens Also: LeBron James sat out Cleveland’s exhibition game against the Boston Celtics as a precaution after experiencing some pain in his left arm in the Cavaliers’ preseason opener a day earlier. … Chris Webber sat out the Philadelphia 76ers’ preseason opener against the Houston Rockets as a precaution after he was hit in the thigh at practice a day earlier.
When he discovered the names of his great-great-grandparents, who were slaves on a farm in Worcester, Aubrey Springveldt felt a sense of “rootedness”. His interest and experience in genealogy led to his teaching others how to research their family history. Bookworms doing research inside the library of Port Elizabeth. From family photos and books to archive records, finding out about your family history makes you find your inner detective, says Aubrey Springveldt. (Image: Brand South Africa) Melissa JavanAubrey Springveldt knows that to find out what is hidden in your family history, you first need to find the detective within yourself. Initially he was a teacher but today the Capetonian is a tour guide.Over the years he developed such a passion for genealogy that he now combines his skills and teaches others how to research their family trees.Fluent in German, he says that speaking to tourists in another language sparks their interest in his background – and allows him to jump in and tell them about his family history. “That creates the platform for further discussions about the diverse cultural landscape of the Cape which is not normally covered in popular superficial commentary,” says Springveldt.Springveldt grew up in Worcester, a town in Western Cape some 120km north-east of Cape Town. His quest to learn his family history started in 1987. “I wanted to know who everyone in my family was. I asked my father why we spelled our surname the way we did.“I started asking my aunts and uncles. They had their stories, but a lot of them [did not correspond].”Sometimes a lie is told in family history and it becomes lore. “You cannot tell them they are lying. You just have to believe what they are saying. The stories that they tell are based on hearsay – on legends they [have] heard.”But these anomalies prompted Springveldt to hunt for the truth himself. “I began verifying the information at the Western Cape Archives and Records Services in Roeland Street, Cape Town.” And he has found out some interesting information along the way.“My grandfather’s brother lived in Cape Town. His surname was made Springfield when they moved that side. We knew they were family of us.”His great-great-grandfather, Aron, was born on a farm near Worcester in 1818. “In those days slaves didn’t have surnames. Only when he got married on 31 March 1846, he gave himself up as Aron Springveldt. Later in 1850, when he was christened, he then also gave his full names [Aron Springveldt],” he says.“I recently got in contact with a farmer who is family of the owner of that farm. The beautiful family home on the farm has been declared a national monument and is one of the oldest farmhouses in the district.“Aron’s ancestors would probably have been responsible for the building of the original farmhouse. He and other slaves as well as contracted Khoikhoi workers would normally be responsible for maintenance and improvements on the original farmhouse,” explains Springveldt. Aubrey Springveldt says he got a feeling of rootedness after finding evidence of his great-grandfather. (Image: Facebook)Genealogy resourcesSpringveldt says researching his genealogy was not easy at the start. “I was uninformed about the resources there are available for us. I had a lot of detective work to do. But you learn with the experience. There are many textbooks available to help you start.”The September family has a “brilliant publication they released about their family history”, he says. Internationally, such research has been done for years, especially by Europeans, and their books on the subject offer some insight.However, it does not end after finding the resources and learning how to use them; you have to interpret the information. “You often find people who know they have European roots, but then they find themselves in a cul-de-sac when they cannot find the relevant resources to connect themselves to those ancestors.“We must be able to compare dates and other information from the different registers to cross-check whether we are on the right track,” he says.His passion and determination helped him to overcome the challenges, says Springveldt. “You just have to believe that you can do it.”One memorable discovery he made was finding out the name of Aron’s wife, Sophia, in the slave register. “That was five years before I found information about Aron that I found his wife’s details. Both incidences [of finding their information] made me very emotional.”Sophia and Aron were popular slave names. “A lot of documents gave me clues. One of the good things that came out of my search is that I now have evidence of them.”Church registers of marriages, births, deaths and christenings can be used in the search for family history, although churches are not always willing to allow people to check this documentation. “The government also had their slave registers. Then you get word of mouth resources as well.”He says there are also records of the Khoi-khoi people, the early inhabitants of the Cape. “Besides slave registers, you also get contracts of slaves.”Part of the detective work is to compare information from the various registers. “We must know where everything comes from. For instance, find out more or less when a wedding ceremony took place,” he says.“Also, often when you search for records you get assistance to find the records, but often there is no-one to assist you with the deciphering and the interpretation of the documents.”But it is worth the effort: “The mere fact that I found Aron and Sophia gave me a feeling of rootedness.”Springveldt also sent DNA tests to Pretoria, and found that six people in countries such as Sri Lanka, India and Maldives had the same ancestors as himself. “This is from my mother’s side a lot of thousand years ago.”ATKV history projectLanguage and culture organisation Afrikaanse Taal- en Kultuurvereniging (ATKV) had an exhibition on 28 April at which people who were trained by Springveldt could present what they found out about their family history. “Researchers who have been trained by me under the auspices ATKV have already held two exhibitions – 19 July 2014 and 28 April 2015. A third group of 8 have started on the 2nd of May 2015 and hope to exhibit their work in November 2015.”Springveldt says the ATKV sponsored this project, which began in February 2014, but the trainees did their own research in their own time. Through it, he trained 15 people who are now able to trace genealogy, the study and tracing of lines of descent. He hopes they can turn this venture into a business allowing the 15 people to earn an income by helping others find out about their family history.Petronella Gordon, of Paarl, in Western Cape, is one of the people trained for the project. She wrote a letter about her experience to the local newspaper, Paarl Post: “My name is Petronella Lizette Marshall Gordon. I am the eldest daughter of Pieter and Cattherine Gordon. My grandparents from my father side were Hans and Magrieta Koordom from Darling, and on my mother’s side, Piet Cleophas en Elizabeth, or Lisbet as she was known – they are originally from Hopefield.”Gordon says researching your family tree is hard work. “When you start researching your family history, you have to decide what your goal is,” she explains. “Do you want to research the male or the female part of your family? Or both? If you do both, you have to be organised and you have to keep the information apart so that they do not get mixed up.”Researching family history starts at home. “You will be surprised by what you find out from family members,” Gordon says. “Write everything down, because some of the information you get from family members you might not find on a database.”Documentation and photographs can lead somewhere, and she advises you show the photos to older family members and ask them who they can identify. For archive research, she recommends the Western Cape Archives and Records Services at 72 Roeland Street, Cape Town.Watch actor Blair Underwood talks about finding out about how tracing your roots gives you grounding:Watch and learn ten tips on how to bust through your genealogy brick wall:
Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification curt hopkins Tags:#Op-Ed#privacy#social networks#web The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Related Posts Defunct gay teen magazine and website XY.com may be forced by the bankruptcy courts to sell off its user list and all the private information associated with it. XY went under in 2007 and its founder, Peter Ian Cummings, filed for bankruptcy this year. One of the few resources he had for the court to work with was the XY user list. The selling off of private information, gathered under the supposition of privacy, is bad enough. Even worse if you’re forced into it. And positively untenable when the information is connected to kids who are dealing with a dawning sexual reality that in some instances is even more fraught than what straight kids go through. CNET‘s report on the case was chilling. Shoshana Schiff, the attorney for the bankruptcy trustee, made a statement with some ugly implications. “Any property listed on the debtor’s bankruptcy petition is property of the bankruptcy estate and my client intends to administer those assets for the benefit of creditors.” The creditors involved are Mr. Cummings’ private creditors, not the magazine’s. But more importantly, if the only thing of any import here are the “benefits of creditors” that means the highest bidder gets the names and information. What if the highest bidder is a creep? (I know what you’re thinking: “A creep involved with the Internet?” But it happens!) Another thing to keep in mind is the possible reaction of U.S. legislators to this action. Senators and Representatives may be slow to act but they have juice when they finally elect to do so. Three recent examples we’ve covered since May are an Online Privacy Bill, the House Committee on the Judiciary’s grilling of Facebook and 30 State Attorneys General meeting to decide whether to investigate Google.The privacy bill’s review draft includes this statement. “A covered entity may not sell, share, or otherwise disclose covered information to an unaffiliated party without first obtaining the express affirmative consent of the individual to whom the covered information relates.”If the highest bidder winds up with a huge list of vulnerable gay teens, it would hardly be surprising to see U.S. lawmakers respond. A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit
Shooting Coverage and B-RollDocumentaries are much more than just interviews. The real meat of many documentary films is found in the coverage and B-roll which merely uses the interviews as narration. Your subject will dictate what types of coverage are most important, but here are a few basic types of B-roll to be sure to include:Exposition ShotsThese are the shots that establish the who/what/when and where – the why will come later. They can be exteriors of buildings, scenic nature in the area, historical pictures leading up to the time and place, anything that gives background information to your audience that will save you from having to write it on the screen or have it explained by a subject.Image from ViceNarrative ShotsDepending on your style and genre, this will be the majority of your documentary outside of interview scenes. These can be either narrative B-Roll or full coverage of a narrative event. The possibilities of shots are endless, but your main focus should always be on your subject and how he or she interacts with the environment around them. Here’s a good example: Picking Your SubjectWhile it’s important to understand and appreciate the documentary genre’s history, the biggest deciding factor in your documentary’s success is going to come down to your subject. All other aspects of documentary planning, production and post-production will be centered around and tailored to best tell your documentary subject’s story. There are an endless number of opinions on what makes a subject good and unique (here’s a great example), but here we break down the three questions to ask yourself. Check out the full article for a more in-depth look.Image from Bigstock1. What Are Your Interests?The first place to look is at yourself. Making a documentary can take several years and requires lots of research, coverage and editing. You’ll want to make sure your subject reflects something you’re interested and invested in.2. What Is Available to You?The second step is to look at what is available. Take real inventory of your surroundings and your resources. Still try to creatively adapt, but make sure your documentary film is practical.3. What Is the Most Visually Interesting?The final question to ask yourself: what will make your documentary the most visually interesting? This means taking a hard look at your ideas and subject to see if it “clicks.”If you’re still hung up on what might be the most important decision of your documentary film, here are some more resources and articles to check out:Slavik Boyechko’s Article on TutsPlusKERA’s POV Documentary BlogHow to Pick a Topic for Your Documentary For Dummies3 Tips for Picking Your Documentary Subject (Full Article) Gearing UpOnce you decide on your subject and what type of documentary you’re going to make, it’s time to gear up for production. Documentaries are typically not big-budget endeavors, so be prepared to shoot with a small crew (sometimes of one) and with equipment that is mid-level at best. Here are some suggestions for cameras, sound kits, and lights.Camera SetupPBS’s POV website created an awesome poll and infographic which surveyed documentary filmmakers about their gear of choice. For cameras, it’s no surprise that Canon products were overwhelmingly preferred, with the C300 closely beating out the 5D and 7D options. DSLRs are always good choices for filmmakers on a budget and for those looking to draw little attention to themselves. However, in the last few years Sony’s cameras have been making big strides in terms of compactness/mirrorless and high-end censors.Here are five cameras to consider:Sony FS5: $6,099.00Canon C300: $6,999.00Sony a7S II: $2,998.00Canon 5D III: $2,499.00Panasonic GH4: $1,297.99 Audio CoverageWhile out in the field or in interviews, you should be just as focused on getting clean audio as you are on capturing strong visual coverage. Documentary shoots often include a sit-down interview in a semi-controlled environment, but there will be plenty of times you encounter unwanted ambient noise. When you first arrive on location, start listening for any unusual sounds. Is the A/C unit rumbling, the refrigerator humming, or do you hear the annoying clink of a ceiling fan chain hitting a light bulb? These are all sounds you want to stop.Here are some tips and tricks for ensuring your documentary audio coverage is top-notch:1. Freeze Your KeysIf you’re shooting in a location that is near a refrigerator, you’ll notice that annoying hum kick on and off throughout the shoot. Of course you’ll unplug it, but a good trick to remember to turn it back on is to leave your car keys in the fridge. You won’t be leaving without them, and you won’t forget to turn the fridge back on.2. Use Gaff Tape to Hide Lav MicsImage via Izzy VideoIf you’re looking for that professional look, you’ll want to make sure to hide all gear and equipment from your shot. One of the most forgivable is the lav mic on the lapel – but that too can be hidden. Just fold a piece of gaff tape into a small triangle (making sure all sides are sticky) then attach your mic to the tape and the tape to an underside of a shirt or tie.3. Use a Boom Pole Adapter Instead of Your ArmsIf you’re on a shoot without a boom operator, you can always set your boom mic on a C-stand using a boom pole holder. It will also save a thankful friend from having some tired arms.Here are dozens of more audio tips and tricks for documentary film audio:Dan McCombs “10 most common audio mistakes in documentary filmmaking”9 Helpful Audio Tricks for Recording Documentary InterviewsKino-Eye’s 8 Fundamental ConceptsDesktop Documentaries Audio BasicsTom Antos’ Video Want to be a documentary filmmaker? We’ve put together this comprehensive guide to lead you through every step of the process, from initial documentary concepting to distribution.Top image via ShutterstockLet’s start at the end. You’ve decided on a subject, filmed your footage, edited together your film and are screening it for friends, family and the whole world to see. How did you get here? What did you do during this long journey that may have lasted anywhere from a few months to several years? There’s a lot to explore, but first we need to go over some basics.What Is a Documentary?If you’re looking for a definition, here’s a great post about the history of the documentary and its different sub-genres. Basically, documentaries have been around since the dawn of cinema. They’ve developed over the years into six main “modes” of which you may or may not be familiar. Here’s a brief list, but check the article for more in-depth descriptions and examples.Poetic Documentaries – focuses on experiences and images to create a feeling rather than a truth.Expository Documentaries – aims to persuade and inform, often through “Voice of God” narration.Observational Documentaries – simply observes the world — your classic cinéma vérité style.Participatory Documentaries – includes the filmmaker and influences the major actions of the narrativeReflexive Documentaries – includes the filmmaker but focuses solely on the act of making the film.Performative Documentaries – the “Michael Moore” style that uses subject experience to share an emotional response with the world.If you’re interested in the history of documentary film, here are some great resources to check out:UC Berkeley’s Documentary TimelineAMC’s FilmsiteDocumentaryTube’s “History of Documentary Filmmaking”The 6 Types of Documentary FilmsA New History of Documentary Film: Second EditionJames Royce-Dawson’s Documentary Video Essay Don’t Be Afraid of SilenceBefore you go too crazy with soundtracking your documentary, consider the possibility of no soundtrack at all (or at least, very little). Emotional cues can be built many different ways — here’s a great video by Tony Zhou that covers the art of silence. Wrap-Up ShotsWrap up shots are your reverse exposition shots. They are similar, but serve a different purpose. They move you back away from the unique world which you are giving your audience access to, and give them more outside information to help them shape their opinions and understanding. You can also use some film tricks like slow motion, dissolves, and “curtain shots.”Here are some more coverage and B-Roll resources to check out:Learn (Almost) Everything You Need to Know About Shooting Better B-Roll – No Film SchoolDare Dreamer Magazine’s “Four Tips for Better B-Roll”Tips for Shooting B-Roll“How to Create a Visual Story with B-roll” on WistiaVideoMaker’s “Capturing B-Roll” Video Music Can Drive PaceVery early on in your project, you’ll find that your documentary has a certain tempo to it. The pacing of how people talk, how they go between excited and tempered — it all feeds into an underlying rhythm. The soundtrack and music will help develop that pace and give a powerful foundation to your film.The key is to understand that music is vital for your documentary film and not impossible to find. Here are some other resources and tips to keep in mind when soundtracking your documentary film:Raindance’s “How to Choose the Perfect Soundtrack”Ida’s “Tips for Working with a Composer”The Art of Choosing Documentary Music“Tips for Selecting Music for Your Documentary Film” DistributionThere’s certainly no guarantee of ever having your film released in theaters — no matter how strong it may be. But there are a number of ways that you can drastically improve your odds of getting distribution, some of which come into play before you even shoot your first frame.Here are a few critical tips that should be considered when producing or directing your documentary film:1. Concept Is EverythingJiro Dreams of Sushi via Magnolia PicturesThe number one determinant in a documentary’s success is, without question, its concept. Your subject, whether that be a person, place, or thing is key to entertaining your audience. That being said, great stories can be hidden anywhere (à la Jiro Dreams of Sushi), you just have to find it.2. Plan and Schedule WiselyImage from ShutterstockDocumentaries by nature are reactionary and unscripted. However, a good documentarian will find ways to schedule, plan and even storyboard out production when needed. Without self-imposed deadlines and scheduled plans, it can be easy for things to never get done.3. Content Always Trumps QualityCitizenfour via HBO FilmsThe final point to remember when looking for distribution: always focus on content over quality. Documentaries, maybe even more than narratives, are very forgiving of video and audio quality — if the story is enticing and real. As a documentarian you need to be flexible and ready to record stories that are in the moment despite whatever limitations you may have.If you’ve made it this far through our guide, it’s safe to assume that you are now an Oscar-winning documentary filmmaker — congratulations! Hopefully some of the advice and articles above will help you in your documentary filmmaking journey. Best of luck!If you are interested in more of our comprehensive guides, check out Professional Video Editing Tips and Techniques and Cinematography Manual: The Ultimate Guide to Becoming a Director of Photography.Have any other documentary film advice you’d like to share? Let us know in the comments! Editing Your DocumentaryThe real magic of documentary filmmaking doesn’t begin until all the footage has been shot. In editing your documentary, you get your first real chance to explore how your subject’s story is going to stack up. Undoubtedly, this can also be the most tedious part of the documentary filmmaking process due to the sheer scope of coverage. Here are some tips and tricks that may help you through the arduous process:1. Organize Folders and Label BinsYou’re going to rack up lots of footage making a documentary. You’ve simply got to start and stay organized. You’ll want to set everything up as much as possible in the beginning or else things can take a turn quickly and you’ll be looking at a mess.You can use some free programs like PostHaste from Digital Rebellion to create folder structures, or you can put together your own templates.2. Create Sequences for Individual InterviewsWhen doing your pre-edit, create sequences for individual interviews which have all of the footage available. This will help with transcribing, locating, and putting said sequences together on a larger timeline later.3. Backup EverythingThis should be tips #3-12: BACK. UP. EVERYTHING. There is no reason in the world you shouldn’t take the extra time to make sure your files are safe. You literally have everything to lose in these situations, so be a professional and make sure you’re saving in multiple places.If you’d like more editing tips, here are a few good sources to go along with the points above:12 Video Editing Tips for Cutting a DocumentaryWikiHow’s “How to Edit a Documentary” (with Pictures)IndieWire’s “8 Ways to be a Better Documentary EditorHow to Find Your Story When Cutting a DocumentaryNo Film School’s “If You Want to Learn How to Tell a Story, Edit a Documentary”Also, here’s a great post on our sister-site RocketStock which takes you through how to create and animate your own lower thirds for any film or video:RocketStock “How to Create Amazing Lower Thirds” Sound SetupSo you have your camera setup, but now you need to ensure that you’re capturing quality audio. You should setup a small shotgun mic on the top of your camera. This way you can capture an overall audio tone, specifically room tone. However, for the actual interview audio, you’ll want to use a lavalier microphone setup. Here’s a sample load out of what you will need.Zoom H6 Field Recorder: $399.99Sennheiser Wireless Lavalier Mics: $629.95Rode VideoMic: $106.99Sennheiser HD 280 Pro Headphones: $99.95SanDisk 32GB Ultra SDHC Card: $14.99For a broader overview of what a pro documentary sound designer uses for gear, here’s an informative video from The Location Crew. In this video, sound recordist Dean Miles goes through his entire gear setup, which is quite impressive. Lighting SetupNow that you have your camera in place and audio ready to go, you need to light your interviewee. There are a host of options on how to do this, but many find LED lights to be the very best option for a doc shoot. They don’t produce tons of heat and are more energy efficient than tungsten. Yongnuo makes a quality light kit for $60 per light, but if you want something that will produce amazing light, then look at Genaray LED lights. A suggested setup: Use a traditional three light setup with stands and gels. Run stingers to power each light. If you’re on the move, the LED can use Sony V-Mount batteries, which is handy.Image from CinescopophiliaGenaray SpectroLED: $374.00 ea.Impact Light Stand: $44.99 ea.Pro Gel Vivid Color Pack: $22.95Watson 25ft AC Power Cord: $12.95For a more in-depth look at how to properly light your interview subject, check out this helpful video from Stray Angel Films.Not seeing all the gear you’d like to use? Here are some other opinions and options for documentary gear to consider:Desktop Documentaries “Shooting Solo: A Low-Budget Filmmaker’s Equipment List”No Film School’s “A Comprehensive List of the Top Tools in Documentary Filmmaking”Drew Annis’ post on QuoraFilmmaking Tip: Gear For a One Man Documentary Crew Soundtrack and MusicFull disclosure: PremiumBeat.com offers a wide array of royalty-free stock music and sound effects for you to purchase. Still, your options for creating your soundtrack are nearly endless. The ideal way (after PremiumBeat, of course) would be to get a custom soundtrack recorded by a composer once you get picture-lock. However, for many of us that don’t have the connections or budget, there are other options. Here are some things to consider:Determine the Mood or ToneOne of the last components of a documentary film (or any film for that matter) is the soundtrack. That being said, your sound and music are merely tools to help you define the mood or tone that you’ve already worked to develop. Here’s a scene from Into the Mind that shows a great awareness and development of mood and tone. Filming InterviewsWith your gear all laid out, you can begin production on your documentary film. Hopefully you’ll be working with a producer to help coordinate your interviews, coverage, and crew — but you may very well be scheduling your own shoots as they become available. When you get your opportunity to conduct your first interviews, here are a few important things to remember:1. Prepare Accordingly, but Remain AdaptableImage: Documentarian Laura Poitras researching, via The New York TimesResearch, research, research before you film your interviews. Do pre-interviews if possible to know the answers and talking points that will work best. Here’s a good article on preparation.2. Avoid “Yes” and “No” QuestionsThe art of interviewing can be a little awkward or intimidating at first. The goal of a good interviewer is to put your subject at ease and invite them into a dialogue. Any question that is not open ended gives them a quick escape and nothing for you to use.3. Ensure Your Subject Is ComfortableImage: Fredrick Wiseman’s crew before filming National Gallery, via DVDExoticaMaking your subject comfortable begins long before you begin to roll the cameras. Try to build a strong relationship from the beginning and work to learn what makes them tick. Once you understand them, you can get the best results.For more in-depth interview advice, here are more places to check out:VideoMaker’s “Documentary Interview Tips”Oakley Anderson-Moore’s Article for No Film SchoolTips on Shooting Gorgeous Documentary InterviewsRaindance’s “10 Tips for Shooting a Documentary Interview”Interview Tips Every Documentary Filmmaker Should KnowThe Slanted Lens Video