Beau Lund FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStockBy ABC News(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Wednesday’s sports events:NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATIONMemphis 127, Washington 112Dallas 115, San Antonio 104NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUEMinnesota 4, Vegas 3Edmonton 7, Ottawa 1Colorado 2, Arizona 1 (OT)Los Angeles 5, Anaheim 1Montreal 5, Vancouver 1Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. All rights reserved. Written by March 11, 2021 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 3/10/21
3. Hugh Bonneville — 6% Downton aristocrat Bonneville naturally has the pedigree. He’s an alum of Britain’s prestigious National Youth Theatre and has treaded the boards for both the National Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare company, where he played opposite none other than Kenneth Branagh in Hamlet. Although we loved Bonneville as the bumbling Brit in Notting Hill, perhaps he could tap into his Wilde side—so many believe already that he’d make An Ideal Husband. Calling all producers! Bryan Cranston 1. Benedict Cumberbatch — 42% As those Brits are fond of saying…No sh*t, Sherlock! We completely agree with this week’s overwhelming victor. Cumberbatch certainly has the experience—for his performance in the National Theatre’s 2011 production of Frankenstein, the Sherlock star won the “Triple Crown of London Theatre:” the Olivier Award, Evening Standard Award and Critics’ Circle Theatre Award for Best Actor. Cumberbatch has also appeared in productions of Hedda Gabler and After the Dance, is in the Oscar-nominated film 12 Years a Slave and the star of a recent viral Sesame Street spot. The Star Trek actor is rumored to be playing the titular role in Hamlet in the West End this fall, which we’re all for, as long as it transfers to the Great White Way! View Comments Emmy winner Bryan Cranston makes his Main Stem bow today as he begins performances in All the Way as the 36th U.S. President, so we wanted to know: Which of TVs leading men should be next in line to make his Broadway debut? The results are in from the weekend poll and two British boys—with a little American madness thrown in the mix, have made your top three. Check out the results below! 2. Jon Hamm— 10% Hamm would be a mad man not to follow his partner, Tony nominee Jennifer Westfeldt, to the Main Stem. The actor garnered a Golden Globe for his portrayal of Don Draper in Mad Men and definitely has the acting chops to make the move west from Madison Avenue to Broadway. Although Hamm played Judas in Godspell in high school and as a young actor roles in various Shakespeare productions, we’d like to keep The Town star suited and booted. So it would certainly rock our boats if Hamm stepped into the role of Sky Masterson in Guys and Dolls. Star Files
Some recent findings might raise the eyebrows of perceptive readers: “How does that support evolution?”Marine reptile big bang: Science Daily describes another case of abrupt appearance in the fossil record. Marine reptiles like plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs exploded onto the scene. First, we learn that “their origins and early rise to dominance have been somewhat mysterious.” Then we learn from paleobiologists at the University of Bristol that “they burst onto the scene, rather than expanding slowly into their ecosystems.” Yet, somehow, this is dubbed an “evolutionary burst.” Darwinians have known about this all along. Did they tell the public?Co-author Professor Michael Benton said: “We always knew that the marine reptiles expanded relatively fast into a world in turmoil, after a devastating mass extinction event that killed as many as 95 per cent of species. But what was unusual was that they were inventing entirely new modes of life that had not existed before the end-Permian mass extinction. Our work shows they expanded into nearly every mode of life, indicated by their feeding habits and range of body sizes, really much faster than might have been imagined.“If they “expanded” (i.e., evolved) much faster than might have been imagined, then by simple logic, it takes super-imagination to think they really did evolve that fast.Size doesn’t matter: If you make a male’s genitals bigger, do they outcompete the small guys? (Don’t get excited; we’re talking about mosquitofish here). Nature Communications tested the idea by artificially selecting fish with bigger, well, junk. It made no difference to their evolutionary fitness: there was “no effect of relative genital size on male reproductive success,” they say was their “main finding,” in contrast to previous claims. This was the case for both natural and sexual selection separately or in combination.Previous studies have reported directional selection on relative gonopodium length, but we did not find that males from up-selected lines are more attractive to females nor that they have weaker swimming performance than down-selected males. In combination, we did not find that the net effect of selection is greater male reproductive success (fitness) for control line males than males in either the up-selected or down-selected lines when they freely compete for mates and fertilization opportunities in semi-natural pools. In short, we did not find that novel genital–body size combinations are selected against.British microevolution: Claiming that “humans haven’t stopped evolving,” Nature reports on a study of “2,000 years of British evolution.” But do accentuations of traits like blue eyes, blond hair and ability to digest milk represent evolution? A Brit can still marry an African or Chinese person and have kids. The article calls the characteristic British traits “adaptations” without showing how mutation or selection increased their fitness. We’re all one species, and one race – the human race. Sorting out traits is not evolution in the sense Darwin meant.Differences are not necessarily evolved differences: 17 evolutionary anthropologists from multiple universities are apparently proud of their ability to measure differences between apes and humans. But is it evolution? In Nature, they paraded their measurements, showing that humans have higher metabolism, more body fat and longer childhoods than chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans. That’s hardly news. On what basis, though, can they say this data represents “Metabolic acceleration and the evolution of human brain size and life history” without assuming what they think they are proving? Nature‘s editors committed the same fallacy in their Editorial: “humans evolve to use more energy.” That’s a teleological statement, forbidden by Darwinian theory, but Science Daily picked up the theme without any criticism whatsoever.Evolving proteins: Making Darwin proud, Science Daily announces, “Scientists discover the evolutionary link between protein structure and function.” OK, how, exactly? By just believing it. “The big problem in biology is the question of how a protein does what it does,” the lead author of a study says. “We think the answer rests in protein evolution.” They compared modern proteins with those preserved in soft tissue in fossils (that fact raising an important question about preservation for such long time periods). Did they find evolution? You be the judge:“It turns out that there are little snippets in our genes that are incredibly conserved over time,” Caetano-Anollés says. “And not just in human genomes. When we look at higher organisms, such as plants, fungi and animals, as well as bacteria, archaea, and viruses, the same snippets are always there. We see them over and over again.“Rather than explaining these by the neo-Darwinian processes of mutation and selection (terms they never use), they propose a model of “hierarchical modularity” as an “emergent property,” comparing it to the advance of artificial communication networks. That’s not Darwinian evolution; if anything, it’s intelligent design.Butterfly mimicry: The wing patterns on tropical butterflies are often used as examples of evolution. “Natural selection sculpts genetic information to limit diversity,” PhysOrg claims, but what was observed? In a word, epistasis – linked variations. The beneficial mutation causes simultaneous changes elsewhere in the genome that reduce further evolution. This presents a puzzle for Darwinian theory. If a change reduces diversity, how is the butterfly going to evolve further? The researchers overcame this challenge by imagining what could happen in the future. It’s intriguing. The Darwinians used intrigue to keep their theory alive.Intriguingly, the study effectively suggests that natural selection could limit a species’ ability to adapt to future environmental change by removing linked variations that, despite having no immediate beneficial impact on the species, could become relevant to its survival and capacity to cope with its environment in the future.“Variation is a kind of raw material and you don’t necessarily use it all at any one time,” Martin explained. “It’s something that could be used to adapt and change in the future.“For more about epistasis and selection, see a PNAS paper, “The effect of gene interactions on the long-term response to selection.” It begins, “The role of gene interactions in the response to selection has long been a controversial subject” – a surprising statement since that was supposedly solved in the 1930s. The paper shows the dominance of epistasis and genetic drift, factors that confuse simplistic ideas about progress by mutation and natural selection.Still trying to figure Darwin out: What do flying birds have to do with bacteria? Not much, most might answer. Science Daily, however, titles an article, “How did birds get their wings? Bacteria may provide a clue, say scientists.” Taking the bait, we look inside the package and find that biologists are still trying to figure out the basic ideas of evolution that we were all taught Darwin and his disciples solved.The evolution of major novel traits — characteristics such as wings, flowers, horns or limbs — has long been known to play a key role in allowing organisms to exploit new opportunities in their surroundings.What’s still up for debate, though, is how these important augmentations come about from a genetic point of view.Instead of studying how birds evolved Flight, though, Oxford scientists used divination tools on bacterial genes. “The researchers allowed 380 populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria to evolve novel metabolic traits such as the ability to degrade new sugars,” the article says. “This gave the researchers the opportunity to witness evolution happening in real-time.” Then we find out that the genes to digest these sugars were already there or were acquired by horizontal gene transfer. The birds, meanwhile, were left waiting on the ground for their lucky mutation.LGBT beetles: Science Daily presumes to tell readers “Why animals court their own sex,” admitting this is a Darwinian conundrum: “Same-sex sexual behavior is common in animals but puzzles evolutionary biologists since it doesn’t carry the same obvious benefits as heterosexual courtship behavior that leads to mating and production of offspring.” Proposing to give a new Darwinian explanation, the article promises that “A study sheds new light on the pervasiveness of same-sex sexual behavior in the animal kingdom.” The issues of whether SSB [same sex behavior] in animals has anything to do with human homosexual behavior will be shelved for the time being.The light-shedders at Uppsala University propose this idea: “The researchers hypothesized that, because males and females share most of their genes, SSB [same-sex behavior] may occur in one sex because its underlying genes carry benefits when expressed in the other.” Key word: may occur. “The findings thus support the idea that SSB may be prevalent in one sex because the genes regulating the behaviour are preserved by natural selection through their benefits in the opposite sex, pointing to a general mechanism maintaining multiple forms of SSB across a wide variety of animals.” Did they study this in a wide variety of animals? No; just in beetles, where they artificially selected the ones that seemed to show SSB. Their siblings seemed to have more offspring. But that could be due to a simple increase in overall mounting behavior by all the beetles, not because natural selection was somehow preserving SSB. If they think they shed light on evolution, they only did so by shedding the light into the trash can.How birds got their red color: This tale made the rounds this week. Cardinals and other birds with bright red feathers didn’t really evolve the ability to make red pigment. A study described by Science Daily finds that “nearly all birds have the latent capacity to make red feathers, but in order to actually do so, they must evolve the means of expressing [this gene] in the skin in addition to the retina.” True to the Stuff Happens Law, “dazzling red colors have evolved repeatedly in this group, mostly by the mechanism described here, but there are some very interesting exceptions.” Another Science Daily piece says that two color morphs can appear on the same bird “despite the pressures of evolution.” Amazing but true; “This is an important finding and helps evolutionary biologists understand how multiple color varieties can co-exist together in the face of natural selection.” Source paper: Current Biology.Non-evolution as evidence for evolution: Another case of gene conservation was noted this week in Science Daily: an enzyme necessary for construction of mitochondria has been “conserved throughout evolution“. No one seems to notice the statement is self-contradictory, as if to claim a pilot was grounded throughout his flight career. He never had a flight career if the statement is true.Now it’s your turn. You’ve watched some Baloney Detecting on the above evolutionary claims; now try your hand at these others. Teachers may use this as a class assignment for middle or high-school grade levels. Demonstrate a couple in class, then assign some others for homework. The evolution of sauropod dinosaurs (PhysOrg) [G]ene provides evidence that our limbs may have evolved from sharks’ gills (PhysOrg) Plants are ‘biting back’: Sting of the rock nettle (Science Daily) New evidence connects dung beetle evolution to dinosaurs (Science Daily) Tips: Watch for the phrase “evolved to” – this is verboten, because it is teleological. Darwinian evolution has no goal, no plan, and no purpose. Watch for instances where the empirical evidence is counter to what was expected. Look for evidence of abrupt appearance and conservation. Are the authors inventing meaningless phrases that assume evolution, like “metabolic acceleration” or “evolutionary stasis”? Discard all references that assume evolution occurred; what is the real evidence? Can you rescue something scientifically useful after the data are rinsed of Darwin-colored whitewash?Darwinian evolution is the scam of our age. All data are forced to support evolution, because alternatives have been ruled out of bounds. Natural selection is a fancy phrase for the Stuff Happens Law. And lazy Darwinians feel they have done their job by just saying, “It evolved.” We need to raise up an army of skilled Baloney Detectors who are not fooled by bluffing and evasion. Join the revolution against evolution; help us overturn the dork side of the farce manipulated by its naked Emperor Charlie. Survival of the oldest: Why do some species make it when some don’t? (Science Daily) The evolution of development (PhysOrg) Role of life’s timekeeper—a novel theory of animal evolution (PhysOrg) How plants conquered the land (Science Daily) How and why single cell organisms evolved into multicellular life: The story of the evolution of life (Science Daily) (Visited 51 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
28 July 2014Ephraim “Shakes” Mashaba has been named the new Bafana Bafana coach, more than 20 years after he first took the reigns of the South African national football team.Mashaba was previously in charge of the team as caretaker coach for one match in October 1992, the same year that South Africa was accepted into the international fold. He later took over as Bafana Bafana’s full-time coach in August 2002.SpeculationIt had been speculated that either former South African national coach Carlos Quieroz, who most recently led Iran at the 2014 Fifa World Cup, or Stephen Keshi, who was in charge of Nigeria at Brazil 2014 and led the Super Eagles to the Africa Cup of Nations title in South Africa in 2013, would be appointed to the position, but in the end the South African Football Association (Safa) decided to go with a local coach.Mashaba, 63, who succeeds Gordon Igesund, was not present at Saturday’s announcement in Johannesburg because he is currently on tour with the South African national under-20 team in West Africa.‘A proven track record’“He has a proven record, is a hard worker and he fulfilled all the requirements we were looking for to drive our senior national team back to where we all believe they belong – at the top,” Safa president Danny Jordaan told the media.Mashaba released a statement, saying he was relishing the challenge and the expectations of the entire nation.‘A massive, but exciting test’“First of all, I would like to thank the Safa NEC [national executive committee] for the confidence that they have demonstrated in me. This is a massive but exciting test. I am elated and ready for the challenge,” he said.“I will do all my best to bring back the winning mentality within Bafana Bafana. With the support of all South Africans, the goal of taking Bafana Bafana back to the top is very achievable.“The good thing about this job is that I have a clear idea of what I need to do, but will first meet the Safa leadership to agree additional performance terms.“I will also take the opportunity to meet all the stakeholders and address the media on the way forward,” he added.AmajitaMashaba also said he hoped he would be allowed to complete the qualification process for the African Youth Championships with the national under-20 team, known as the Amajita. They are set to face Cameroon in Yaounde on 16 August, with the return leg taking place in South Africa two weeks later.Bafana Bafana’s next match is an Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Sudan on the weekend of 5-7 September in Khartoum.South Africa is currently ranked 66th in the world and 14th in Africa.
MOST READ The ball was in Doncic’s hands late in a close game against a playoff contender, just as it has been regardless of the opponent most of the season once the Mavericks realized what they had in the No. 3 overall pick from last summer’s draft.Doncic had a hand in four straight 3-pointers in the closing minutes to help Dallas hold on in a 110-101 victory over the Indiana Pacers on Wednesday night. He connected on two long 3s and assisted on the other two from behind the arc.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesThe win stopped a five-game losing streak that was more on the mind of Carlisle before the game than the litany of teen milestones for a player who has brightened the outlook of a franchise trying to become relevant in the postseason again.“Luka’s an amazing player for his age,” Carlisle said. “Even when he turns 20, it’s still going to be remarkable, the things that he’s doing. But these last 22 games … is going to be a test of how much of that load he can take on his back.” Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Young Lady Bulldogs show bite against seasoned Lady Spikers “It’s crazy that he’s that young,” said 40-year-old Mavericks star Dirk Nowitzki, in his record 21st season with the same franchise.“If you watch him play all year, if you watch him play tonight down the stretch, you wouldn’t think you’re talking a 19-, 20-year-old kid. It’s just how he carries himself, the confidence, is of a veteran. He’s going to be fun to watch for a long, long time.”Now that he’s turning 20, Doncic has the same expectations he did at 19 after coming into the NBA as a Euroleague MVP and champion.“Probably been asked this question 100 times, but I always say I knew I could play here,” said Doncic, who leads all rookies at 20.9 points per game and is second in rebounds (7.3) and assists (5.7). “I knew what I can do. It’s been great. I just have to keep working.”The teen portion was a big hit.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next The Mavericks are playoff long shots in the Western Conference after trading their other four starters in a pair of deals before the deadline, and the most important player they got in return won’t suit up this season.Dallas decided to play it safe after completing a seven-player trade with New York that landed 2018 All-Star Kristaps Porzingis, who tore a knee ligament last February in what turned out to be his final game with the Knicks.So while the Mavericks wait to see what Doncic and the 7-foot-3 Latvian can do together next season, the burden is on the only NBA player with multiple triple-doubles as a teen. Until the next teen star comes along, Doncic has four of the five in league history.“I don’t think it’s just me,” said Doncic, who turns 20 on Thursday. “A lot of players help us a lot. We have to trust everybody.”Even with Porzingis, the Mavericks will run their offense through their 6-7 point guard of the future. Twice as a teenager, Doncic had games with at least 35 points, 10 rebounds and five assists. There have been just two others in NBA history — one each for LeBron James and Kevin Durant.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town FILE – Luka Doncic #77 of the Dallas Mavericks dribbles the ball against the Indiana Pacers at Bankers Life Fieldhouse on January 19, 2019 in Indianapolis, Indiana. NOTE TO USER: User expressly acknowledges and agrees that, by downloading and or using this photograph, U Andy Lyons/Getty Images/AFPDALLAS— At some point, Luka Doncic will be measured by wins and playoff success rather than how many triple-doubles he had as a teenager, or so Dallas Mavericks coach Rick Carlisle hopes with his rookie sensation.The budding Slovenian star’s final game before turning 20 was just the illustration his coach had in mind.ADVERTISEMENT ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes View comments P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed
The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
The dancer who has participated in reality shows such as So You Think You Can Dance was here on a five day dance workshop in the city. ‘I was invited here to coach talented young dancers and am pretty amazed at the immense potential. I believe budding dancers in India have immense potential to master western dance forms,’says Chbeeb. Chbeeb who has been invited by a city-based group Big Dance Centre, to coach students with hip-hop moves says, ‘‘What impresses me is how passionate students are about learning various dance forms. They also have good exposure here.’ Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’On his first trip to India, Chbeeb is captivated with Indian classical dance forms and bollywood dance style.‘Unlike many other classical dance forms, Indian dances are more organic; the movements aren’t linear. With broader musical range emphasis is laid on rounded steps and expressions,’ he adds.The dancer who originally belongs to Texas says he began dancing at the age of fifteen with no formal training.This self-taught dancer instantly fell in love with hip-hop dance for it seemed so unnatural to him. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHis began formal dance training began only with ‘So You Think You Can Dance’, one of the most popular dance shows in America.Previously, he had auditioned for both season 3 and 4 but it was only in season 5, auditions for which had kicked off in the year 2008, that Chbeeb excelled.Despite all odds faced in previous seasons Chbeeb made it to the top rung in season 5, which was when his popularity in the US soared leaps and bounds.‘I had never received formal training before this show which indeed helped me assimilate more and learn from the masters,’ he says. Chbeeb believes that to be a good dancer one needs a certain drive coupled with formal training.‘When a beginner who hasn’t received any formal training learns to dance, there is a greater possibility of creating new techniques,’ he says.Chbeeb’s dance crew I.aM.mE was also crowned as the champion of the show America’s Best Dance Crew (ABCD) season 6.The dancer who also made an appearance in the film Step Up 4 is open to work in the Indian film industry and perform some Bollywood dance numbers. Interestingly, Chebeeb’s wacky dance videos are streamed by a lot of people both in India and abroad.
Kolkata: In a bid to further increase the income of the farmers, the state Agriculture department is planning to provide two rice plantation machines in each subdivision that paddy growers can use free of cost.A rice plantation machine ensures sowing of paddy seeds on a 1-bigha of land in just 15 minutes and it would help in increasing the farmers’ income by Rs 4,000 to Rs 4,500 for their production in a bigha.Asish Banerjee, the state Agriculture minister, said: “The function of the machine has been demonstrated in Birbhum on Saturday and training was also given to some farmers. Our endeavour would be to keep two such machines in each sub-division so that farmers can use it free of cost. There would be a discussion in this regard in a meeting scheduled at Nabanna on Monday so that the same can be started in all the districts.” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeEach of the machine cost around Rs 2.90 lakh. Since it is not affordable for the farmers to procure the same, the initial plan would be to keep two such machines in the farms of the state Agriculture department in each subdivision. Farmers can take it to their agricultural land to sow paddy seeds without paying anything. They just need to bear the transportation cost of the machine from the farm to the plot of land.Banerjee, who was present in Birbhum during the demonstration of the machine on Saturday, maintained that rice plantation machines would also be kept at the Custom Hiring Centres. “The state government would give subsidy if a farmer wants to procure the same,” the minister said adding that the state government would be giving a subsidy of Rs 1.16 lakh to help farmers to buy a machine. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedOfficials of the state Agriculture department, who are posted in Birbhum, were also present at the programme, where training was given to the farmers on how to use the rice plantation machine.The farmers have also shown interest in using the machines as it would help them to complete the work of sowing seeds at much lesser time than the conventional way of doing the same.This comes at the time when the state government has taken several steps to ensure improvement of the agriculture sector and bagged Krishi Karman Award for five consecutive years and the average annual income of the farmers in Bengal has gone to Rs 2.91 lakh in the last financial year.
Kolkata: Senior All India Forward Bloc leader and former West Bengal Minister Mortaza Hossain on Thursday joined the states ruling Trinamool Congress along with his supporters. Welcoming Hossain, who served as the Disaster Management Minister during the erstwhile Left Front government, Trinamool Secretary General Partha Chatterjee said his inclusion would strengthen the party. “He had applied to our North 24 Parganas district leadership. After obtaining clearance from our party supremo Mamata Banerjee, we are inducting him in our party. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life “His inclusion will strengthen the party. We will use his skills not only in North 24 Parganas but also elsewhere to uphold peace, amity and integrity, and speed up development,” said Chatterjee, who handed over a Trinamool flag to Hossain, a two-term legislator. Hossain contested from the Barasat Lok Sabha constituency as an AIFB candidate in 2014. Hossain’s switching of political allegiance comes days after another senior AIFB leader and former minister Paresh Adhikari joined the Trinamool. Chatterjee said all secular persons in the state were backing Banerjee, whose role in confronting the communal forces was being lauded even at the national level.
At the ongoing PyCon 2019 event, Python Steering Council shed some light on the recent changes in the Python governance structure and what these changes mean for the larger Python community. PyCon 2019 is the biggest gathering of developers and experts who work with the Python programming language. It is scheduled from May 1 to May 9 and is happening at Cleveland, Ohio. Backed by Python Software Foundation (PSF), this event hosts various tutorials, talks, summits, as well as a job fair. The Python Steering Council After a two week nomination period (January 7 to January 20), which was followed by a two week voting period (January 21 to February 4), five members were selected for the Python Steering Council: Guido van Rossum, the brilliant mind behind the Python programming language and the former Python BDFL (Benevolent Dictator for Life). Barry Warsaw, a Senior Staff Software Engineer at LinkedIn, and also the lead maintainer for Jython. Brett Cannon, a Principal Software Engineering Manager at Microsoft and a Python core developer for over 15 years. Carol Willing, a Research Software Engineer for Project Jupyter, Python core developer, and PSF Fellow Nick Coghlan, a CPython Core developer for Python Software Foundation On why Guido van Rossum stepped down from being BDFL Since the dawn of the Python era, Guido van Rossum served as its Benevolent Dictator for Life (BDFL). It is a designation given to open-source software development leaders who have the final say in any kind of argument within the community. Guido stepped down from this designation last year in July and became a part of the Steering Council. Being a BDFL he was responsible for going through all the Python-ideas that might become controversial. Eventually, it ended up becoming his responsibility to take the final decision for PEPs which has already been discussed among the people with greater domain knowledge and expertise. After playing such a key authoritative role for nearly 30 years, Guido started experiencing, what is really common nowadays in the tech industry, the burnout syndrome. So, he finally took the right step of stepping down from his role as a BDFL and urging the core python core developers to discuss and decide amongst themselves the kind of governance structure they want for the community going forward. After months of intense research and debate, the team arrived at the decision of distributing these responsibilities among the five elected steering council members who have earned the trust of the Python community. He adds, “…that’s pretty stressful and so I’m very glad that responsibility is now distributed over five experts who have more trust of the community because they’ve actually been voted in rather than just becoming the leader by happenstance.” Sharing his feelings about stepping down from the BDFL role, he said, “…when your kid goes off to college some of you may have experience with that I will soon have that experience. You’re no longer directly involved in their lives maybe but you never stop worrying and that’s how I feel about Python at the moment and that’s why I nominated myself for the steering committee.” Changes in the PEP process with the new governance model The purpose behind Python Enhancement Proposals (PEPs) was to take away the burden from Guido of going through each and every email to understand what the proposal was about. He just needed to read one document listing all the pros and cons related to the proposal and then make a decision. This entire decision-making process was documented within the PEPs. With the growing Python community, this process became quite unattainable for Guido as all the decisions funneled through him. So, that is why the idea of BDFL delegate came up: an expert who will take care of the decision-making for a particular feature. However, earlier employing a BDFL delegate was the last resort and it was done for those aspects of the ecosystem that Guido didn’t want to get involved in. With the new governance model, this has become the first resort. Barry Warsaw, said, “…we don’t want to make those decisions if there are people in the community who are better equipped to do that. That’s what we want to do, we want to allow other people to become engaged with shaping where Python is going to go in the next 25 years.” Hiring a Project Manager to help transition from Python 2 to 3 The countdown for Python 2 has started and it will not be maintained past 2019. The steering council has plans for hiring a Project Manager to help them better manage the sunset of Python 2. The PM will also have the responsibility of looking into minor details as well, for instance, in the documentation, there is mention of Python 2 and 3. These instances will need to be updated, as from 2020 we will only have Python and eventually developers will not have to care about the major numbers. For the systems that haven’t migrated, there will be commercial vendors offering support beyond 2020. There will also be options for business-critical systems, but it will take time, shared Willing. One of the responsibilities that the PM role will take care of will be looking into the various best practices that other companies have followed for the migration and help others to easily migrate. Willing said, “Back in a couple of years, Instagram did a great keynote about how they were moving things from 2 to 3. I think one of the things that we want a PM to help us in this transition is to really take those best practices that we’re learning from large companies who have found the business case to transition to make it easier.” Status of CPython issue tracking migration from Roundup to GitHub All PSF’s projects including CPython have moved to GitHub, but the issue tracking for CPython is still done through Roundup. Marieta Wijaya, a Platform Engineer at Zapier and a core python developer, wrote PEP 581 that proposes using GitHub for its issue tracking. Barry Warsaw has taken the initial steps and split the PEP into PEP 581 and 588. While PEP 581 gives the rationale and background, PEP 588 gives a detailed plan of how the migration will take place. The council has requested the PSF to hire a PM to take the responsibilities of the migration. Brett Cannon adds, “…with even the PSF about potentially trying to have a PM sort of role to help handle the migration because we realize that if we go forward with this the migration of those issues are going to be critical and we don’t want any problems.” The features or improvements Python Packaging Workgroup should now focus on The Python Packaging Workgroup supports the efforts taken for improving and maintaining the packaging ecosystem in Python by fundraising and distributing this fund among different efforts. The efforts this workgroup supports include PyPI, pip, packaging.python.org, setuptools, and cross-project efforts. Currently, the workgroup is supporting the Warehouse project, which is a new implementation of PyPI aiming to solve the issues PyPI users face. Last year, the workgroup came out with the Warehouse code base and in March this year they have laid out work for the next set of improvements which will be around security and accessibility. When Coghlan was asked about what are the next steps now, he shared that they are looking into improving the overall publisher experience. He adds, that though there have been improvements in the consumer experience, very fewer efforts have been put on improving the publisher side. Publisher-side releases are becoming complicated, people want to upload source distributions with multiple wheels for different platforms and different Python versions. Currently, the packaging process is not that flexible. “at the moment the packing index is kind of this instant publish thing like you push it up and it’s done…we’d really like to be able to offer a staging area where people can put up all the artifacts for release, make sure everything’s in order, and then once they’re happy with the release, push button and have it go publish.” These were some of the highlights from the discussion about the changes in the Python governance structure. You can watch the full discussion on YouTube: Read Next Creators of Python, Java, C#, and Perl discuss the evolution and future of programming language design at PuPPy Mozilla introduces Pyodide, a Python data science stack compiled to WebAssembly RStudio 1.2 releases with improved testing and support for Python chunks, R scripts, and much more!