As the euphoria of the successful street revolution in Egypt fades, the country faces the harsh reality of forging a new social contract for governance. Not even the deputy chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, who visited Harvard Law School (HLS) Thursday (April 14), could predict with absolute certainty that Egypt will successfully make the transition to a stable, fully participatory democracy.“For so many years, the average person [in Egypt] never had political ambitions in mind,” said Adel Omar Sherif, who spoke during a panel discussion in Austin Hall on “The Nile Revolution: Constitutional Promises and Challenges,” just a day after Egyptian police detained the country’s former president, Hosni Mubarak, and his two sons. Indeed, the thought of being active in public politics was “even unthinkable,” he said.Now, however, many have a sense of pride and a belief that a corrupt regime will change, he said. The people were not able to overthrow the Mubarak regime without the army, but “in fact it was a revolution started by the people and then backed by the army,” Sherif said.Using careful language in a deadpan style befitting a judge, Sherif detailed the various political and military forces at play in Egypt, and expressed concern that current efforts to amend or rewrite the constitution are proceeding without adequate input from the public. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, or SCAF, which in effect now runs the country, held a referendum in March over amending the constitution. But then on March 31 the council voided the document and quickly instituted its version of an abbreviated temporary constitution.A committee formed to draft a new constitution is seen as lacking in public participation, Sherif said. To achieve democracy, “all sectors of society have to work together.”Still, Egypt may be undergoing a true “constitutional moment” when institutions and social contracts undergo massive change, said Chibli Mallat, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Visiting Professor of Islamic Legal Studies, who moderated the discussion.Three factors have made this a decisive moment in Egyptian history, said Baber Johansen, professor of Islamic religious studies and director of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies. These are the advent of instantaneous, spontaneous communication, mobility of cultural resources, and the presence of a city stage or public space for people to gather.“Even if the movement fails, it will be remembered as a decisive moment in history,” Johansen said. “It sets limits on the government’s potential to exclude people from the government. The three elements that have made it so important will not go away.”A real test of the new free speech, Sherif noted, was whether people have become truly convinced of its value and future leaders allow it. Ominously, a 26-year-old blogger was recently sentenced to three years in prison for criticizing military rulers.Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court, which in previous decades served as a key bastion of liberal legal activism, will likely play a role in determining which recent laws are deemed constitutional in a new political atmosphere. However, it is unclear what constitutes the ultimate legal authority, as several panelists noted. The country’s 1971 constitution has been substantially amended over the decades.“Imagine that a case came before the constitutional court, questioning the validity of the act of the SCAF on March 31,” said Frank Michelman, the Robert Walmsley University Professor at HLS. “Against what set of constitutional norms would you test it?” Would it be the 1971 constitution? Would it be the amendments that followed it?“It seems to me there’s a kind of game going on here,” said Roger Owen, the A.J. Meyer Professor of Middle East History. “In a republic, sovereignty comes from the people, but it’s very possible to manipulate the notion of ‘people.’ ”Vicki Jackson, the Thurgood Marshall Visiting Professor of Law, noted that in South Africa a constitutional court was charged with determining the constitutionality of the new constitution, after the apartheid system was finally ejected. The result was a successful, relatively nonviolent transition — a process that took four years. It’s difficult in Egypt now because “you’re in a moment where you don’t know where to start,” she said.Sherif indicated that Egypt has well-established traditions that the constitution cannot be contested and that the high court will not challenge the constitutionality or validity of the constitution itself.A real test of the new free speech, Sherif noted, was whether people have become truly convinced of its value and future leaders allow it. Ominously, a 26-year-old blogger was recently sentenced to three years in prison for criticizing military rulers.Sherif was asked several times about impact of Islamists on any new government and whether there would be increased pressure to enforce Shariah law more widely. Article 2, added to the constitution in the 1980s, makes Shariah the principal source of legislative rules.Sherif downplayed the impact of Article 2, emphasizing that secular rule of law supersedes religious law. But he said that the court has always had a good relationship with Islamic leaders and they are often consulted on matters of Islamic law. “When it comes to a final decision, the final decision would be by the court, not by the religious institutions,” he said.Thursday’s event was sponsored by the Islamic Legal Studies Program, the Provost’s Fund for Interdisciplinary Research, CMES Workshop on the Social Sciences in Egypt, Center for Middle Eastern Studies Outreach Center, International Law Journal, and the Middle East Law Students Association.
Palm Beach County Fire Rescue officials are reporting that they have pulled a missing lawn worker from a lake in Boynton Beach.The worker was reported missing after going into the lake near Brian Boulevard and Beverly Court.Divers located the victim around 4:45 pm and transported them to a local hospital in unknown condition.Rainbow Cmd *update* @PBCFR #rescuedivers have located one victim, patient being transported to local area hospital— PBC Fire Rescue (@PBCFR) June 10, 2019 It is unclear if the worker fell into the lake or if they went in willingly.
Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditNo. 4 San Diego State (25-0, 14-0) vs. Boise State (17-9, 9-5)ExtraMile Arena, Boise, Idaho; Sunday, 4 p.m. ESTBOTTOM LINE: Boise State looks for its fourth straight win over No. 4 San Diego State at ExtraMile Arena. The last victory for the Aztecs at Boise State was a 56-53 win on Jan. 16, 2016. February 14, 2020 Associated Press .MIGHTY MALACHI: Malachi Flynn has connected on 37.2 percent of the 145 3-pointers he’s attempted and has gone 7 for 27 over the last three games. He’s also converted 83.2 percent of his free throws this season.STREAK STATS: San Diego State has won its last nine road games, scoring 75.4 points and allowing 61.1 points during those contests. Boise State has won its last 11 home games, scoring an average of 82 points while giving up 65.ASSIST DISTRIBUTION: The Aztecs have recently converted buckets via assists more often than the Broncos. Boise State has an assist on 31 of 72 field goals (43.1 percent) across its past three contests while San Diego State has assists on 42 of 83 field goals (50.6 percent) during its past three games.DID YOU KNOW: The stout San Diego State defense has held opposing offenses to a field goal percentage of 37.6 percent, the eighth-best mark in the country. Boise State has allowed opponents to shoot 44.7 percent from the field through 26 games (ranked 271st).___ Boise State looks for home win vs No. 4 San Diego St. For more AP college basketball coverage: https://apnews.com/Collegebasketball and http://twitter.com/AP_Top25___This was generated by Automated Insights, http://www.automatedinsights.com/ap, using data from STATS LLC, https://www.stats.com
Josh Mollerus delivered the start at pitcher his coaching staff had been waiting for all summer, delivering seven strong innings and carrying a shutout through six of them as the Humboldt Crabs exposed the visiting California Expos in a 12-2 rout Friday night at the Arcata Ball Park.With the win the Crabs (11-10) are now above .500 for the first time this summer.After a few sub-optimal outings which saw Mollerus (1-2) struggle to make it through the first few innings the University of San …
For years Apple viewed Nigeria as too poor to be an attractive market, so Samsung took the gap and now dominates mobile telephony in Africa’s most populous country. Global investors stand to lose if they ignore Africa’s potential, and the dynamics of its markets.West Hills Mall in Accra, the capital of Ghana, is the largest shopping centre in West Africa. Retail offers enormous opportunity in Africa, a continent of a billion people with rising purchasing power. (Image: Arc Architects)Mark Esposito, Harvard University, and Terence Tse, ESCP EuropeIf the mass media is to be believed, Africa is hardly a continent brimming with business opportunities. But for some time international business commentators have been describing the continent as the next market with significant potential.Today, Africa is often said to be ready to take on the mantle of Asia, where growth is slowing as markets become crowded and internal competition intensifies.China has anticipated this potential by investing extensively in Africa. The country’s total investments in the continent increased 30-fold between 2003 and 2011, from US$491-million to $15-billion.Africa’s traditional trading partners – Europe, the UK and France – have been left behind. China is now its top bilateral trading partner, with trade volume exceeding $166-billion.Africa has plenty to offer:Sixty percent of the world’s uncultivated agricultural landA huge labour forceForty percent of global reserves of natural resourcesMore than that, Africa is home to a billion people with rising purchasing power.It has the world’s youngest population, and several of its fastest-growing economies. Collectively, these economies have a bigger middle class than India.Many of Africa’s most rapidly expanding nations do not rely on natural resources, with nearly two-thirds of growth last year coming from strong consumer spending. And almost half its citizens now live in cities.Countries unaware of this potential risk losing out on the new Scramble for Africa. This time, the scramble is for trade.Victoria Island, an affluent suburb in Nigeria’s commercial capital of Lagos. (Image: Come to Nigeria)The opportunities: retail and a whole lot moreAfrica offers opportunities beyond natural resources, land and labour power. And you do not have to dig too deep to see that the continent offers many fast-expanding markets and pockets of excellence.One opportunity is in retail. Several countries represent a vast market space for retail, according to Retail in Africa: Still the Next Big Thing, a report issued by AT Kearney Limited in 2015.In Gabon, for example, the report suggests that with a GDP per person of $21 600, the country’s newly formed middle class offers significant opportunities to foreign companies, particularly as the domestic retail sector is highly fragmented.This story pans out on a larger scale. Nigeria, with its population of 178-million, has a somewhat underdeveloped retail sector. According to the report, modern supermarkets made up only 1% of all shopping expenditure as the market remains dominated by informal shops and convenience stores.Collectively, Africa’s fastest-growing economies have a bigger middle class than India.Another source of opportunity for foreign businesses comes from the way that cultures and habits are changing. The exceptional economic growth of Nigeria, for example, has allowed for greater consumption, especially for status symbols and products that symbolise tickets to middle class membership.From our own research, one of the products that has substantial growth, perhaps somewhat unexpectedly, is Champagne imported directly from France. Expenditure grew at an average of 26% between 2007 and 2012. A recent slowdown still leaves significant growth, forecast at 12% a year to 2017.An important point here is that luxury food and drinks products are emblematic of an important cultural shift towards a more sophisticated kind of consumption.Profiting from local market knowledgeIn a recent speech, the CEO of a leading communications agency pointed out that Nigerians, especially the wealthy, do not only shop for themselves. They also shop for their families as a way to display their reflected status.As the country becomes more affluent, we can expect more and more expensive high-end products coming into the market to please an expanding and increasingly demanding middle class.For many years, Apple viewed Nigeria as too poor to be an attractive market. This opened the way for Samsung to become the mobile telephony leader in Nigeria.‘It’s unwise to ignore African markets because of economic statistics. Rather learn about local market conditions.’How did the South Korean company do it? It realised that even though the country is relatively poor — with GDP per capita of only $3,000 – members within a family can easily collect funds from others. In this way, even cash-strapped teenagers can quickly accumulate enough from richer relatives to buy expensive mobile phones. The result: some 70% of high-end mobile devices are sold to people in lower income households.The Lucozade story is also instructive. It became the leader of the Nigerian drinks market by understanding when and where it would be needed and appreciated by people. Having its chilled energy drinks sold at the roadside increased its popularity among professionals who were often spending long hours in traffic jams. The drink became associated with providing refreshing moments.These observations may be anecdotal, but they demonstrate an important point: it would be unwise to ignore African markets because of economic statistics. The key is to try to understand particular markets, often working with local specialists.Innovation for AfricaA third source of opportunity is that African countries can also be sources of innovation. One of the most well-known and successful innovations is M-PESA.Started in 2007 by Kenya’s largest mobile-network operator, M-PESA enables people to transfer money between each other using their mobile phones. They can also use their mobiles to withdraw cash at local shops.Money transfers via mobile phones have boosted rural incomes by as much as 30%The high cost of existing money transfers has made the scheme extremely popular. It also offers a safe way to store money.And the benefits go way beyond mere convenience. A study found that rural Kenyan household income has risen by 5% to 30% as a result of adopting M-PESA.It is also claimed a range of start-ups have been founded in Nairobi on the back of M-PESA’s operations.As cultural and dynamic aspects of consumers are so different in Africa, it is very likely that we will see more innovations emerging from this part of the world.So, while it has been easy to dismiss Africa in the past as a place that is, at best, a provider of basic commodities, land and labour, a closer look reveals that it is not hard to see that opportunities are aplenty and just waiting to be tapped into.Mark Esposito is Professor of Business & Economics at Grenoble Ecole de Management and Harvard Extension School, Harvard University and Terence Tse, Associate Professor of Finance / Head of Competitiveness Studies at i7 Institute for Innovation and Competitiveness, ESCP Europe This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.
Fire looks great on camera, but capturing it effectively is more difficult than igniting something and pressing record. Here’s what you need to know.As the DP on Salem for three years, I gained a ton of experience working with fire as lighting sources on a daily basis. In this video, “Lighting with Fire,” I’ll share one of the most surprising aspects of using fire on the TV series. And that is . . . how dim fire actually is.Fire is very bright to the eye, but it doesn’t project very far because of the unstructured nature of its light rays. As a result, you need fast lenses and a high ISO setting to get a reasonable exposure. Fortunately, we had both. Panavision “P Vintage” high speed lenses and the incomparable ARRI Alexa HD camera system. There were many times we shot at f 1.4 at 1600 ISO with a 270-degree shutter angle. That’s a setup for a dark world! The other challenge was to create an ambient base that didn’t feel too modern. My Gaffer Peter Clarson and I designed super soft, snooted boxes that used household incandescent bulbs that we then projected through muslin diffusion cloth. These worked great, and we made several of them of various intensities.Image via Warner Bros.In the video, I also spend some time revealing the techniques used to photograph Stanley Kubrick’s Barry Lyndon. Film stocks were still slow in 1975, so DP John Alcott, BSC pushed his 100 ISO color negative one stop in the lab. By today’s standard, 200 ISO is considered very slow, but Alcott also had a revolutionary f .7 50mm spherical lens! (For a quick reminder, here is the progression of f stops from f 5.6 on down: 5.6, 4, 2.8, 2, 1.4, 1, 0.7.) Shooting at f .7 at 200 ISO is equal to f 1.4 at 800 ISO. They also used multiple-wick candles — far brighter than the usual store-bought ones.I also spend some time on how fresnel lenses add power to lanterns in lighthouses by “collimating” the light rays. You can demonstrate this with an old brass “boat signal” fitted with a simple Fresnel lens. Fresnel lenses have been the integral optical component to movie lights for 100 years.Finally, I talk about how we used flicker boxes and 3 small 150W fresnel lamps to substitute the fire light when the fireplace is off camera. The quality of the light is superior, it’s quiet, and the set stays much cooler.If you haven’t filmed with fire as a light source, don’t be surprised by how dim it is. It’s why I stress shooting some tests before you begin your project.Good Luck, and don’t forget a fire extinguisher!Looking for more video tutorials? Check these out.Create A Shootout Scene In After Effects + Free Muzzle Flashes and SparksVideo Tutorial: How to Stitch 360 Footage in After EffectsDIY Filmmaking: How to Build Your Own Dolly for $50Video Tutorial: Better, Faster, Stronger Editing TipsVideo Tutorial: How to Loop an Animation in Adobe After Effects
MONTREAL – Power Corp. of Canada says Andre Desmarais has resumed his full executive duties at the company.Desmarais, deputy chairman, president and co-chief executive, had taken a temporary medical leave from his day-to-day activities at the conglomerate in April last year.Power Corp. (TSX:POW) says Desmarais continued to be involved in major issues affecting the company last year and resumed his full duties on Jan. 3.
Fort St. John is on a declining trend in crime as compared to last year when the Crime Severity Index was at 122. The Violent Crime Severity Index has dropped significantly when compared to last year’s number of 133.For the rank number, the highest number means the safest, while the lowest listed number means the most dangerous. The index is the number of incidences reported.Some of the categories include all-crime, violent crime, and youth crime.Here is how Fort St. John compares to other cities within the Peace.All Crime:Fort St. John – Rank #33 – Criminal Severity Index: 118Dawson Creek – Rank #16 – Criminal Severity Index: 148Grande Prairie – Rank #14 – Criminal Severity Index: 163Prince George – Rank #10 – Criminal Severity Index: 175Violent Crime: Fort St. John – Rank #36 – Violent Criminal Severity Index: 104Dawson Creek – Rank #31 – Violent Criminal Severity Index: 115Grande Prairie – Rank #20 – Violent Criminal Severity Index: 143Prince George – Rank #9 – Violent Criminal Severity Index: 167Youth Crime:Fort St. John – Number of Incidences: 4Dawson Creek – Number of Incidences: 0Grande Prairie – Number of Incidences: 3Prince George – Number of Incidences: 94Overall, Fort St. John ranks quite well in community safety and crime rates when compared to other neighbouring cities within the Peace.For further statistics and information, you can visit MacLean’s website FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – MacLean’s Magazine has released their annual report for Canada’s Most Dangerous Places for 2019 and Fort St. John is considered to be the safest city within the Peace.Each city, a total of 237 across Canada, was ranked based on statistics within various categories. Fort St. John’s Crime Severity Index sits at 118, with the Violent Crime Severity Index down to 104.
New Delhi: The global market for true wireless hearables is expected to reach a volume of 129 million units by 2020, driven by traditional wireless headset manufacturers – Samsung and Huawei, a report by Counterpoint Research said on Friday. True wireless hearables are in-ear Bluetooth headphones that don’t have a cord connecting them either to the music device or to each other. Currently, the most-preferred hearables brand is Apple with 19 per cent share, followed by Sony with 17 per cent share and Samsung with a 16 per cent market share. Also Read – Maruti cuts production for 8th straight month in SepAccording to Counterpoint’s “Emerging Technology Opportunities” (ETO) report, Apple would continue to dominate the market. The second-generation of AirPods and similar earbuds from other technology giants would be a catalyst for market growth. “Hearables have the chance to be part of a future where information and connectivity are integrated into our daily lives more than ever. Above all, personal assistants like Apple Siri, Google Assistant, and Amazon Alexa are likely to boost the market from 2019,” Liz Lee, Senior Analyst at Counterpoint Research, said in a statement. Hearables manufacturers such as Bose and Beats have a market share of 10 per cent and six per cent, respectively. Also Read – Ensure strict implementation on ban of import of e-cigarettes: revenue to Customs”While examining user satisfaction, usage patterns, preferences and understanding the key factors influencing purchase decisions, we verified that consumers have an increasing desire to buy hearables equipped with enhanced features including improved battery life and AI-based voice assistants,” Pavel Naiya, Senior Analyst at Counterpoint Research said. Players such as Samsung, Bose, Jabra, Huawei, Bragi, and LG are prevalent and would grow from a smaller base from 2018. New entrants such as Google and the likes of Amazon and Plantronics would drive the market forward, the report noted.
New Delhi: Holi is one occasion in India when people do not mind being smeared with colors but doctors warn that in absence of proper safeguards, these colors might do more harm than good and dampen the festive mood. They also favored that a robust regulatory mechanism should be in place to check the components used in preparing these colors and use of labels in organic colors for the benefit of the user.”Dry colors or gulals have two components – a toxic colorant and a base which could either be asbestos or silica, both of which can cause health hazards. Silica in artificial colors may dry or chap the skin and cause lung infections while asbestos, when enters the lung, can result in lung cancer. Gulals are also high on heavy metals such as lead, chromium, cadmium, nickel, mercury, zinc and iron. While chromium may cause bronchial asthma and allergies, nickel may cause dermatitis and pneumonia and iron makes skin more sensitive to light exposure, said an expert. “We receive around 20 to 25 patients in the OPD just before and after the Holi festival with complaints of breathing issues, skin irritations and rashes. It is advisable that one should take adequate precaution to guard themselves. Asthma patients should follow the medication regime for a week in the run-up to the festival. While playing with colors be careful that you do not inhale it anyway. One should also apply a thick layer of cream or lotion to ensure that the color does not stick to the skin or bruise it. Whether dry or wet, if anything goes into the eyes during Holi, make sure a lot of fresh water is splashed to wash away the irritant,” said Dr. Amitabha Ghosh.