Columns[Column] Justice Perspective- Justice A. Muhamed Mustaque Justice A. Muhamed Mustaque6 Jan 2021 7:24 AMShare This – xSince evolution there existed a system of natural justice on earth, more so with primates who possessed an inclination towards fairness and sharing. Of these primates the Human race with their added value of community and intelligence created justice systems based on their lifestyle, challenges, needs and times.Justice as a concept is driven by values and principles chosen by a…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginSince evolution there existed a system of natural justice on earth, more so with primates who possessed an inclination towards fairness and sharing. Of these primates the Human race with their added value of community and intelligence created justice systems based on their lifestyle, challenges, needs and times.Justice as a concept is driven by values and principles chosen by a political dispensation. Chosen values and principles accepted as internal structure of constitutionally governed societies are the result of fruition to make good in future based on experience of past. Civilization in transition therefore also has to move within space and time to stand up with the challenges. Combining a system of justice within the objective view of the world has been in the perspective of the human race from the dawn of civilization till now. Difficulty in reconciling the ideas of justice with time gave rise to fundamental questions relating to the polity and relation of sovereign and subjects. Courts in constitutional democracy gave a very practical idea of justice, in practice how the Constitution should be read with the time. Still, debate occupies the space about the nature of law in response to the character and practical importance of the legal issues. In American context, originalism and pragmatism occupied central theme to serve constitutional norms, though often permeated at level, even to evoke political discourses; those issues also played a vital role in developing the constitutional jurisprudence in other jurisdictions as well. Modern society faces questions that did not occur to makers of the Constitution. These questions are related to both on the substance of justice and process of justice. This article is an attempt to unravel the evolution of these contentious debates. Every law and enquiry on the law is in pursuit of justice. The civilisation was the result of fear of mutual hurt. The human race has chosen a system to govern themselves for the sake of some good. Throughout history, various theories have been attempted to define justice. Dialogue in “The Republic” written in 380 BC by Plato was to capture the essence of a just society. It discusses the meaning of justice and its nature. Plato’s concept of justice was founded on ethics, righteousness and morality of subjects and stronger government. For Aristotle, justice is a kind of state of character which makes people disposed to do what is just and makes them act justly and wish for what is just (Book V Nichomachean Ethics). The concepts like distributive justice, distribution of wealth in accordance with one’s merit and worth and corrective justice, to set right the imbalances in distribution system, originates from the thoughts on justice by Aristotle. Ancient texts in our own traditions also attempted to define justice in different forms by distinguishing Dharma and Adharma. Dharma, as an expression, embodies the concept of justice and as a principle to sustain the universe through righteous conduct covering all aspects of life. Justice Dr M. Rama Jois in his book Raja Dharma says the entire concept of the rule of law is incorporated in Dharma. If people act according to Dharma, it protects all to sustain an orderly society. Greek philosophers engaged in logical reasoning to evolve justice in a just society and in contrast, Dharma, developed as a spiritual concept to attain salvation or moksha. Semitic religions have a different approach to the concept of justice. In Biblical sense justice is engrossed in “Love”. In Psalm 9:7-9, justice is described as “God’s character”. “The LORD reigns forever; he has established his throne for judgment. He will judge the world in righteousness; he will govern the peoples with justice. The LORD is a refuge for the oppressed, a stronghold in times of trouble”. In Islam, justice originates in compassion and mercy of God and fairness of believers in dealing worldly affairs. The Qur’anic verses in Chapter 57:25 says: “We sent Our Messengers with clear signs and sent down with them the Book and the Measure to establish justice among the people”. In Chapter 4 and 5 certain verses of Qur’an refer to equality of justice to be observed among relatives, friends, allies and enemies. Qur’an puts as follows: “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even if it be against yourselves, your parents, and your relatives, or whether it is against the rich or the poor…” (Chapter 4:135). In Chapter 5:8, Qur’an says as follows “Oh you who have believed; Be steadfast witnesses for Allah in fair dealing, and let not hatred/malice of any people provoke you from deviating justice, act justly that is nearer to your piety”. The emergence of the modern state is the result of the rejection of theocratic states in Europe at the end of the 16th century. Fall of Roman Empire initiated social unrest in Europe. Two peace treaties known as Westphalia treaties of peace in the year 1648 brought peace in early Roman Empire ending 30 years of war. Rise of modern nation-state associated with Westphalia treaty gave authority to nations to govern the subjects based on sovereign power disregarding the divine rights of kings. Two treaties of Government written by John Locke in 1680s were to combat the divine right of kings. Many nation-states inspired by the political theories, developed during this period, found legitimacy of power in philosophy developed in such views—Justice in such theory contained in natural law and natural rights. Humanist and rational ideas differentiated justice and injustice. Immanuel Kant in the groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) argues that morality rests on human reason and not principles of utility or law of nature. Jeremy Bentham and JS Mill propounded principles of utility as a basis of law. According to them, utility understands what promotes pleasure and prevents pain. The rejection of religious knowledge was essentially to create an order of justice based on theories of knowledge. Today, almost all the written Constitutions in democratic countries source legitimacy of authority to legislate from these ideals. Though rational ideals and secular common sense are endorsed in modern Constitution, the same logic extended protection to religious knowledge and practice in the form of liberty. Our societies, evolved through religious values, have not shed its fabric of divine moral authority. Laws of secular state are still articulate ideals of justice on the moral authority. This gives rise to tensions between values and practice of society in secular state and rational ideals of Constitution. Globalization redefined the concept of nation-state that emerged in the 17th century. The liberalization of market reshaped the world economy through various multilateral and bilateral engagements entered by nation-states. An interactive approach built relations focusing on market interest. Exchange of goods, capital, services, labour, etc. is defined through interactive regimes. Flattening of the world is unstoppable. Rise of modern states as economic super power focusing on market interests shaped the policies of internal and external governance of country. Policy route than legislation have become a normal norm of governance. Constitution has economics for distribution of assets and service. These policies define common good on economic terms. The concept of distribution of economic wealth, assets and services as understood in Constitution has rules to reflect up on such policies. Lack of jurisprudence on constitutional economics fails us in justice delivery. Constitution propose to establish a well ordered society based on ideals. Globalization presupposes the acceptance of dictated super norms of extra sovereign body. Market economy dynamics is based on frame work of non-ideal theories of Constitution. These framework, essentially based on bilateral or multilateral agreements, are entered by states. Balancing the interest of the State and aspiration of justice based on constitutional ideals also throws up contentious debate within the judicial process as to scope of judicial review of political judgments. Theories of global justice have become a phenomenon and cannot be easily ignored. Global justice focuses on people than the state. It draws inspiration from globalization. In the introductory part of “The law of people”, John Rawls argues law of peoples; he means “a particular political conception of right and justice that applies to the principles and norms of international law and practice.” He further defines the term society of peoples “to mean all those peoples who follow the ideals and principles of the law of people in their mutual relations.” Commenting on the concept of global justice conceived by John Rawls, in an article titled “The Law of Peoples and Global Justice: Beyond the Liberal Nationalism of John Rawls” By Marek Hru Bec (human affairs 20,135 -150, 2010) wrote “to summarise, leaving all the problems of his theory aside now, Rawl’s concerned with international justice, which in his ideal scenario achieved by establishing the harmonious existence of the people in the society of people under the law of peoples. This law is designed to implement the political dimension of justice with the aid of two pillars, firstly selected basic human rights and secondly a version of tolerance and intercultural recognition of particular differences of well-ordered societies.” Nikola Tesla said “Man, like the universe, is a machine, nothing enters our minds or determine our actions which is not directly or indirectly a response to stimuli beating up on our sense organs without”. The advent of technological revolution and the use of the algorithm in technology will shift the focus of human relations from interpersonal to- ‘machine to human’ and ‘machine to machine’. Two big things happening around the world are the use of big data and an exponential capability of the computational power of the computer. Thinking and acting rationally and humanly were in the exclusive domain of human. That monopoly is withering away, and the machine is challenging that concept. Artificial intelligence is the newest in the field of science and technology. In the perspective of justice, one would witness a shift of authority from human to machine. Technocracy is not a mere buzz word coined to ascribe a new normal. Technocracy opens up extraordinary set of challenges to the very idea of justice conecieved under the Constitution. Technocratic approach to governance will give rise to new class of society based on digital divide. Yuvan Harari in his book “21 Lessons for the 21st century” cautions about the emergence of irrelevant class. These classes become irrelevant not because they are unfit to do any job but for the reason that skills and experience they gained became redundant on automation. Similarly, Michael Sandel in his book “The Tyranny of Merit” narrates the impact of technocratic approach to governance. According to him, many public questions as matters of technical expertise is beyond the reach of ordinary citizen which produce a sense of disempowerment. The essence of democracy rests on informed society. Deepest divide on automation, exclusion of information to digital illiterate, dissemination of information as an opportunity for self serving interest through the digital platform really matters in democratically governed societies. These issues will bind our courts in next generation justice dispensation. Law, as in ideal, was conceived to determine relationships among people to secure an orderly society. The algorithm in technology would become a factor to put unprecedented pressure on humanity. Humanity has to search for the alternative model on the substance of justice as the idea of justice followed currently is likely to turn obsolete. Next-generation of debate among political and legal philosophers would be around character and type of justice to combat issues related to human interests, be political, social, cultural, etc., arising out of penetration of machines. The very idea of law is to define proprietary of human action. Machine will redefine the idea of law and ultimately focus on justice. Concept justice in substance shifted its authority throughout history from logic to divinity and after that to natural law and humanist ideals. A big shift to the authority of algorithm is awaited. The technological challenge is likely to spoil or erase the concept of justice rooted in natural law ideals. Same also could impact the authority of the sovereign. Aspiration for global justice will lay the foundation to accelerate new dimension of justice supported by algorithm. Will humankind arrive at a consensus to face the challenges is a big question. Process of justice is the key in the administration of justice. The legitimacy of the process will guarantee substantive justice as an outcome. King was the fountainhead as lawgiver and justice provider. Legitimacy of his authority traced to divine. God’s appointment made him monarch. Belief in monarch was belief in God. Legitimacy of the process of justice therefore could not be questioned. Montesquieu believed that virtue is not the principle of a monarchical government (The Spirit of Laws 1750). His idea of constitutional government with three separate branches is to legitimate the process of justice on rational choices. He might have been influenced by Locke and other philosophers of his time to lay foundation of modern constitutional democratic government. Administration of justice in constitutional democracy was built on institutional foundation. Emergence of courts as an institution with person trained in virtues and expertise reflected the court as an independent authority. Organizational propriety became decisive to determine the virtue of the institution of justice. Institutional structure of court in order to cater its image of independence had no option but to device procedure for a fair outcome. Adherence to procedure resulted in overtaking procedural justice over substantive justice. This dilemma gave rise to criticism and popular dissatisfaction with administration of justice. Roscoe Pound’s speech in American Bar Association titled as “The causes of popular dissatisfaction with the administration of justice” believed to have given birth to practice of modern mediation. His criticism in speech was that the judges in Anglo-American jurisprudence act like umpire in sport strictly following the rules of game unmindful for outcome of justice in the process. His speech is popularly known as sporting theory of justice. Mediation and other ADR methods focus on substance of justice through the process without any barriers of procedure. Procedural justice ensures notion of independence and neutrality which is integral to institutional virtue. Absence of institutional virtues in administration of justice in ADR is likely to affect the outcome in the process and may dent the ultimate justice delivery. Idea of justice is not only concerned and related about what emerges through the process but also equally concerned about the proprietary of the process.Views are personal.(Author is a sitting Judge at the High Court of Kerala)Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Press Association That scenario could happen if the Gunners win 2-1 at Newcastle and Chelsea draw 0-0 at home to Everton. That would make the clubs joint third and Arsenal and Chelsea would have to face a play-off for the automatic Champions League qualification spot. Premier League chiefs are crossing their fingers that they are not presented with a major headache if Arsenal and Chelsea finish the season level on points, goal difference and goals scored. The problem for the Premier League would be when to play such a match – Chelsea have an end-of-season tour to the USA to play friendlies against Manchester City next week, and then there are England friendlies on May 29 against the Republic of Ireland and then in Brazil on June 2. Neither club would want the season to stretch into June but the play-off regulation is part of Premier League rules. They state: “If at the end of the season… the question of qualification for other competitions cannot be determined because two or more clubs are equal on points, goal difference and goals scored, the clubs concerned shall play off one or more deciding league matches on neutral grounds, the format, timing and venue of which shall be determined by the board.”
Related Stories Gallery: No. 6 Syracuse upset by Pittsburgh 65-55Grant turns in mixed performance in increased role, unfavorable matchup at Pittsburgh Facebook Twitter Google+ PITTSBURGH, Pa. — Brandon Triche leaned up against the concrete wall in the visitor’s locker room, running through each of the 3-pointers he missed in a loss at Pittsburgh. He estimated that he took about eight or nine attempts from beyond the arc, only three of which he was “capable of making.”The rest were forced shots. An air ball with 54 seconds remaining and another he tried to convert to a pass at the last moment came to mind.He asked to see the stat sheet, which revealed only five attempts from behind the 3-point line. Not eight or nine like he surmised. Still, they were all misses.“Only five? Oh, that’s not bad then,” Triche said with a sarcastic laugh. “I thought I was 0-for-10.”That’s how it felt for Triche in Syracuse’s 65-55 loss Saturday to unranked Pittsburgh (18-5, 6-4 Big East) at the Petersen Events Center, a game in which he finished with 14 points but needed 14 shots to get them. He and Michael Carter-Williams, Syracuse’s other starting guard, struggled against the tenacious man-to-man defense from the Panthers all game long. And on an afternoon where the No. 6 Orange (18-3, 6-2 Big East) was down to seven scholarship players and three capable scorers, it failed to overcome the poor performances of its two backcourt stars.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textSyracuse was without James Southerland, its third-leading scorer, for the fifth consecutive game Saturday, and freshman DaJuan Coleman was unavailable after having knee surgery early in the week.Their absences heaped more pressure onto the trio of Triche, Carter-Williams and C.J. Fair to score points and avoid fouls, a difficult task against a Pittsburgh team that leads the Big East in scoring defense. For weeks SU head coach Jim Boeheim has said those three players must produce consistently in order for his team to win, and two of them did not Saturday.“C.J. had a good game, and our two guards had bad offensive games,” Boeheim said. “We need them to score. We can’t go to Jerami (Grant), we can’t go to Baye (Moussa Keita) or (Rakeem Christmas). They’re not going to be a factor offensively unless it’s on the offensive glass.”And though Triche and Carter-Williams combined to score 27 points, they needed 26 shots to do so and missed all but one of their 10 attempts from 3-point range. They sprinkled in nine turnovers as well.It meant Fair was the only SU bright spot offensively, and he scored a game-high 20 points. But he lacked the support needed to combat a 10-man Pittsburgh rotation that was the epitome of balance. Nine players scored four or more points for the Panthers, and only guard Trey Woodall (13 points) reached double figures.For Syracuse, only five players scored.“We missed a lot of shots,” Carter-Williams said. “I was 3-for-12, Brandon didn’t shoot the ball great. If me and him don’t shoot the ball good, then we’re not going to win. If you look at the games we’ve lost, I shot like 20 percent or something like that. If I don’t shoot the ball well, we’re not going to win.”That’s because, as Boeheim alluded to, the rest of the Syracuse players simply cannot be counted on to score. Keita, Grant, Cooney and Christmas managed just eight points between them, and there was not a single post-up attempt for either of the two big men.Triche said roughly four set plays were called for Christmas throughout the game, all of which were bungled before Christmas had a chance to touch the ball.It created an offense that was, essentially, three against five. Fair, Carter-Williams and Triche were left to drive — often hopelessly with the shot clock winding down — and fling up shot attempts simply because no one else could.Fair finished 9-for-13 from the field and played incredibly well. But after Triche tied the game at 35-35 with a driving layup against Trey Zeigler, Triche and Carter-Williams shot 1-for-8 in the final 12:36 of the game.“A game like this, I probably needed to play really good and I didn’t,” Triche said. “It’s going to be me, Mike and C.J. scoring for the most part. Jerami is going to be there, but other than that we have guys who are inexperienced or not capable of scoring by themselves.”It left Triche pondering — as he put on a Syracuse ski hat to prepare for a disappointing flight home — ways his team could generate more offense without arguably its best shooter and its starting center. He’d seen the stats, and they were ugly. He’d missed shots, and there were plenty.But he still couldn’t put his finger on how to fix the problem, couldn’t think of a way to right the ship that is beginning to teeter in the thick of Big East play.“I don’t know,” Triche said. “Honestly.” Comments Published on February 2, 2013 at 2:45 pm Contact Michael: [email protected] | @Michael_Cohen13
The premises of the Monrovia City Court, at the Temple of Justice was last Tuesday, the scene of laughter and disbelief when a 42-year-old father of three children, in a bitter exchange with his wife, accused her of exposing his sexual relationship with her 13-year-old daughter (name withheld) from a previous relationship.The drama unfolded as defendant Varney Swaray, was being escorted by court officers to the Monrovia City Prison where he will await his day in court to answer to the rape charge. But on seeing his wife among onlookers, he broke down in tears claiming that she was responsible for his ordeal.The alleged rape, according to court records, took place on June 25 last year at the Pagos Island community in Paynesville, outside Monrovia.Under the Rape Law, the crime of rape is a non-bailable offense.Although defendant Swaray admitted to the act during police investigation, in court he argued that the victim had previous sexual encounters with a number of unnamed individuals.“You have disgraced me because you know that your daughter knew about man business and she has been having affairs with several other persons,” said a crying Swaray.“You brought this rape issue against me and so, see what you have done to me. You are the cause for me to go to jail and I will never forgive you.”The victim, according to court records, claimed that on June 25, 2017 defendant Swaray gave her L$60 to hire a motorbike to take her to the front of the Congo Town residence of former President Charles Taylor, where she was to await his arrival, to which she willingly agreed.The victim explained that her stepfather later joined her, and both of them boarded a vehicle that drove them to the ELWA Junction. After their arrival at ELWA Junction, the victim claimed that the defendant took her to a nearby makeshift hotel.When they entered the room, the victim alleged that her stepfather undressed her and had sexual intercourse with her.The victim told police that afterwards, the defendant gave her L$120 and asked her to return home, which she did.According to the victim, when she returned home her mother, being overly concerned about her whereabouts, questioned her and even threaten to beat her if she did not reveal where she had been.She claimed that when she noticed that her mother was serious about her threat, she fled from her and later explained the incident to one of her friends identified as Tutu George.It was Tutu George, the victim alleged, that explained her (victim) relationship with the stepdad to her mother.Upon hearing the news, the victim said members of her community immediately arrested her stepfather and took him to the Congo Town Zone 3 Police Depot, where he was detained.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) – Advertisement – Unrepentant defendant Varney Swaray, being escorted by court officers to the Monrovia City Prison
OOL is short for Origin of Life. There’s only one theory that works. The rest are so improbable, their supporters go to ridiculous lengths to believe them.Poison SoupAt Astrobiology Magazine, Lisa Kaspin-Powell asks a very suggestive (but evidence-free) question: “Does Titan’s Hydrocarbon Soup Hold A Recipe For Life?” Let us respond by noting some facts about Titan. Saturn’s large moon Titan has no oxygen. Titan is cold, like very, very cold (-290° F at the surface). Titan has no liquid water, no plate tectonics, no magnetic field, nor any of the other things usually considered requirements for habitability. To cap off all these drawbacks, it has poisons in its thick atmosphere, and the only liquids on its surface are scattered lakes of oil. Now let’s ask the question again: “Does Titan’s Hydrocarbon Soup Hold A Recipe For Life?” Common sense suggests a negatory answer faster than you can say fOOL. But Lisa has an overactive imagination:NASA researchers have confirmed the existence in Titan’s atmosphere of vinyl cyanide, which is an organic compound that could potentially provide the cellular membranes for microbial life to form in Titan’s vast methane oceans. If true, it could prove to us that life can flourish without the ubiquitous H2O.Vinyl cyanide? You mean that toxic, flammable gas we learned about last August? There’s no sense reading any further, even apart from the fact that no life anywhere in the universe survives on vinyl cyanide. The lady has alien derangement syndrome so bad, she needs therapy before anything else. What does this say about NASA that gave her good press? She says, “Vinyl cyanide has yet to be proven to produce life, but an earlier study by Cornell University researchers that was also published in Science Advances made it an intriguing prospect….” Stop. Please. Leprechauns and fairies are intriguing prospects, too. Anything can be an intriguing prospect. What does this tell you about Cornell and Nature that urged on her delusions?How Dry Iambic PentameterAnother Lisa used the power of suggestion at Phys.org. Lisa Zyga asks, “Did water-based life originate without water?” Here’s her idea. What does this say about Harvard University these days?When trying to understand the origins of life on Earth, researchers run into a paradox: while water is an indispensable solvent for all known life forms that exist today, water also inhibits the formation of string-like chains of nucleic acid polymers such as RNA that were likely precursors of life. This raises the question: how could the nucleic acids have formed in the first place? One solution to this “water paradox” is that life may have originated in something other than water, and only later adapted to the presence of water.“We are fascinated by the possibility that water-based life may have originated without water at all,” Zachary Adam, a researcher at Harvard University, told Phys.org.Let’s get this straight. The paradox presents a falsification of common beliefs that life originated by natural causes. But Adam, instead of thinking like Adam, thinks like Satan: cells can be like gods, knowing good and evil. But why stop the speculation game with their “possibility that water-based life may have originated without water at all”? The possibilities are endless! Life could have originated out of thin air. It could have originated in a vacuum. It could have originated without intelligent design. (Actually, that last idea is a requirement for materialists.) Humming How Dry I Am, Adam visualizes precocious formamide wanting to evolve into RNA.But there is a glaring problem with this proposal: formamide does not occur naturally in any significant quantity anywhere on Earth. Although formamide is widely used in industry as a solvent for making pharmaceuticals and pesticides, all of this formamide is synthetically produced.Formamide does exist in space, however, which has previously motivated researchers to suggest that it may have been transported to Earth via comets or meteors. But it is unlikely that this scenario could have produced the large, concentrated reservoirs of formamide needed for life’s precursors to form.To shield his eyes from the blinding evidence for intelligent causes behind the origin of life, Adam tries other causes, like radiation. Maybe natural fission reactors formed that irradiated two poisons (hydrogen cyanide and acetonitrile) to get them to form formamide in sufficient quantities for his theory, which naturally wanted to become RNA (after all, we’re here, aren’t we?). Sure, anything is possible when open-ended imagination invades the science lab. Toxic chemicals become primordial soup, which becomes Shakespeare.The Answer, My Friend, Is Dust in the WindAt Phys.org, Karl Gruber sings the Sagan ballad, We are all made of starstuff. Pondering the epic myth, he asks, “Is the origin of life just cosmic dust in the wind?” My, what a glorious thought.Just like the wind blows dust into your house, cosmic dust can be blown across space and between planets. Cosmic dust is the stuff planets and stars are made of: carbon, oxygen, iron and other tiny particles less than 1 micrometre in size.A new study proposes that life on Earth started from particles flying as dust from outer space.“A new study.” How hard did these students study? Were they napping with their chemistry textbooks open? Let’s ask them if they could do some real scientific controlled experiments.Is the origin of life just cosmic dust in the wind?Shake some carbon, oxygen, iron and ‘tiny particles’ of dust in a flask for a year. For a control, design a robot by applying intelligent causes to inanimate matter. Which one comes closer to resembling life? Explain your answer. Be sure to include a discussion of how dust in the wind produced a scientist. You may want to include a reference to this philosophical article by Michael Egnor, “Naturalism and Self-Refutation” at Evolution News & Science Today.Smash & ShakeHere’s a science experiment a child can do. (1) Take a replica of the Capitol made out of Legos. (2) Smash it with a bat. (3) Shake well. (4) Watch it re-assemble into the Capitol. This seems to be the latest bright idea at Rutgers, where OOLers tried to imagine the origin of proteins. Amina Khan from the Los Angeles Times reported the story, which was reproduced on Medical Xpress:By “smashing” proteins and looking at the broken bits, scientists at Rutgers University say they’ve discovered four basic building blocks that can be stacked like Legos to build all kinds of different proteins.The results described in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences could help researchers better understand the origins of life….What does this tell you about the National Academy of Sciences these days? The scientists try to cover improbability with imagination, upping their perhapsimaybecouldness index in the process:“You couldn’t imagine that complex nanomachine just emerging out of the primordial soup and just coming into existence,” Nanda said. “There had to have been simpler intermediates. But the challenge is we don’t have any fossil record of what proteins look like. All we have is the modern proteins, and we have to somehow infer what the simpler proteins may have looked like.“If this idea is to be taken seriously, the mere presence of Lego pieces is sufficient to expect Capitols to emerge. Interestingly, their idea relies on hydrothermal vents, not dry conditions. This is how OOL speculations cancel each other out.Giving Something a Name Does Not Make It RealAt Science Daily, an article presents OOLers at the Ludwig-Maximilian Institute discussing “Chemical evolution: Progenitors of the living world.” But ‘chemical evolution’ is just a phrase. What does it mean? It cannot mean evolution in the Darwinian sense, because before life could replicate, natural selection was impossible (even if natural selection is taken to mean something more elegant than ‘stuff happens’). Chemicals are not ‘progenitors’ of anything. They are mindless particles that obey some well-known laws of valences and mass action. That’s all.By imbuing lifeless particles with purpose, these speculators (unworthy of the name researchers or scientists) are sadly myth-taken. The religious nature of their speculation (18 January 2018) is evident when they quote Genesis 1, “And the earth was without form and void — before the emergence of life.” Maybe that’s what all this speculating is about. We said there was only one OOL theory that works. Here it is: creation by an intelligent Creator. Such a cause is sufficient. Such a cause is necessary. Such a cause conforms with our uniform experience that complex, functional wholes never ’emerge’ but are always traceable to intelligent, purposeful action by a mind. No scientist will ever get from ‘without form and void’ to a butterfly or a whale without it. Since fOOLs refuse to acknowledge this Cause, what else do they have? Rampant speculation, evidence-free visualization, ad hoc reasoning, mythmaking, and self-refutation. Paul was so right on when he said, “For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing to be wise, they became fools” (Romans 1:21-22). Has not his prophecy come true since Darwin wrote about a warm little pond? “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths; (I Timothy 2:3-4). You are seeing vindication of these words in our own time. Sometimes ancient wisdom is more up-to-date than “science daily” (more appropriately dubbed, science dilly-dally; or, if you prefer John Herschel‘s term for evolution, “the law of higgledy-piggledy”).(Visited 795 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Academics name of the game for ISAA Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters LATEST STORIES Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Ben Mbala. Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netBen Mbala, the reigning UAAP Most Valuable Player, won’t be with La Salle when the Green Archers open their title defense in UAAP Season 80.Mbala is currently with the Cameroon national team for the 2017 Fiba Afrobasket.ADVERTISEMENT For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul “Looking back at former players, even the good foreign players of San Beda, I don’t think they had the privilege to play for their national teams,” Calanog said.“We’re happy that Ben has developed into a player which their country feels can help them in their international competitions. Just like our local players, we hope that because of the UAAP, they are able to develop well enough for them to play for the country.”Mbala averaged 20.6 points, 16.0 rebounds, 2.4 blocks, 1.4 steals, and 1.2 assists last season to lead the Green Archers’ championship run.ADVERTISEMENT Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ La Salle athletic director Emmanuel Calanog explained that the Cameroonian Basketball Federation personally requested the athletic big man to be a part of its roster for the continental championship from September 8 to 16.“He was requested by his national team to play for them,” he said, sharing that Mbala has left for his native country two weeks ago.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingCameroon, the 52nd ranked nation in the world, is slotted in Group C, together with Tunisia, Guinea, and Rwanda, as it seeks to improve its ninth place finish back in 2015.Mbala will miss the La Salle’s game against Far Eastern University on Sunday and National University on Sept. 18 if Cameroon makes it to the finals. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games View comments MOST READ Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo
Being in the boxing ring happens to be Olympic gold medallist Vijender Singh’s first love, but he has kept a career in Bollywood as plan B. Vijender makes his debut with the Kabir Sadanand directed upcoming comedy drama Fugly, which he has been aggressively promoting these days.Vijender Singh visited India Today Mediaplex with co-stars Arif Lamba, Kiara Advani and Mohit MarwahLuckily, his heavy Haryanvi accent was no deterrent for his big- screen outing as he plays a Jat brat in the film. “I don’t know if that was the reason I was picked for the film,” Vijender said during a visit to the India Today Mediaplex on Friday.”My natural style of speaking has worked for me as it took out a real Jat boy in front of the camera. This is the story of four rich friends who get embroiled in an accident and after meeting a hard- nut cop Choutala played by Jimmy Shergill, they change their approach towards life,” Vijender said.A poster of Fugly, which stars several newcomers along with Vijender He added that preparing for his role as a rich Delhi-based Haryanvi boy from a political family gave him a high. “Jaanta hai mera baap kaun hai?(Do you know who my father is?) is a favourite expression of Delhiites.I have said such lines many times in the film,” the boxer said.In a country which mostly ignores sportspeople other than cricketers because they “do not have IPL teams”, a second option is important for Vijender. He has been preparing for the Asian Games 2014 to be held in September in South Korea and is sneaking out time in between to promote his debut film.advertisementVijender Singh with his Fugly co-stars It was on Akshay Kumar’s insistence that he seriously thought of taking a plunge into Bollywood with a film which has been produced by Grazing Goat Productions, owned jointly by Akshay and Ashvini Yardi.”My real test starts once Fugly releases and the audiences’ verdict is out. To be an actor is not as simple as it looks. I will continue to popularise sports despite being an actor,” he said.
Mario Balotelli scored the deciding goal in Italy’s 2-1 win over England Mario Balotelli scored with a second-half header Saturday to give Italy a 2-1 win over England at the World Cup.STATISTICAL HIGHLIGHTS | MATCH PHOTOS The Italy striker was left free by his marker Gary Cahill and nodded a cross from Antonio Candreva past goalkeeper Joe Hart in the 50th minute.Claudio Marchisio scored first for Italy, sending a long shot through a crowded area and past a diving Hart in the 35th. Daniel Sturridge equalized for England two minutes later, tapping in a cross from Wayne Rooney.The win puts Italy in a strong position to qualify for the second round, and leaves England with plenty to do in its remaining two matches.In the other Group D match, Costa Rica beat Uruguay 3-1, giving the 2010 semifinalists a similarly difficult task to advance.Balotelli nearly scored another in first-half injury time, running deep into the area and enticing Hart to come off his line. The Italy striker stopped, looked toward goal and sent a chip over the keeper’s head – only for Phil Jagielka to clear by heading the ball over the bar.England’s attack-minded lineup made frequent runs into the Italy area throughout the match, and came close to scoring several times.The best of the chances came in the 24th when Danny Welbeck sent the ball across the front of goal but Andrea Barzagli was able to slide in and tip the ball up in the air. Raheem Sterling, who had been running in from the left, jumped for the header but couldn’t reach it, letting the ball go past him as he tumbled into the net.advertisementItaly played without the injured Gianluigi Buffon. The 36-year-old Italy goalkeeper, who can play in his fourth World Cup if he is able to recover from an ankle problem, was replaced by Salvatore Sirigu.The PSG keeper stepped up and made several good saves, but the best may have come in the 77th when he dived to his left to block a free kick from Leighton Baines.The match was played in the Amazonian city of Manaus, the most exotic of the 12 World Cup venues for this year’s tournament. According to FIFA, it was 30 degrees C (86 degrees F) with humidity at a relatively low 61 percent for the match.While none of the players appeared to be affected by the heat, there was an injury on the England bench when team physio Gary Lewin dislocated his ankle while celebrating Sturridge’s goal.England and Italy were playing each other at the World Cup for only the second time. They also met in the third-place match at the 1990 World Cup, with the Italians also winning 2-1.
Support The Guardian Since you’re here… In Edmundspeak, that is virtually a battle cry. He has always gone about his business quietly, improving incrementally rather than with dramatic bursts of big wins, which is the polar opposite of the rise of his opponent.Shapovalov, the 18-year-old Canadian qualifier who stylishly outlasted Jo-Wilfried Tsonga in straight sets in the second round, is running hot this summer after coming to prominence in the leadup tournaments, and his world ranking of 69 will improve appreciably. He has the long, flowing locks and flamboyant court presence of the game’s other young excitement machine, the German Alexander Zverev and the advantage of still being in the tournament after the fourth seed lost to Borna Coric on Wednesday.Edmund says: “Shapovalov likes to be offensive, likes to move forward, take the ball on. He’s been playing well in terms of his run in Montreal [where he beat Rafael Nadal] and then qualifying, so he is feeling good. It’s going to be a tough match but at the same time I’m playing well so definitely no reason why I shouldn’t go out there feeling confident.”“His rise is basically from that Masters. It’s a lot of points to get semis at Masters. He beat me in the grass-court season [at Queen’s] but he didn’t have a great clay-court season. He got on the grass pretty early, playing the Challengers in Surbiton and Nottingham, and he qualified at Queen’s. So he played a bunch of matches which really helped him. Since then, that hard-court run in Montreal will have done the world of good for him. That’s where he’s got his confidence, and qualifying here.”They have history these two. Shapovalov was disqualified in the Davis Cup match against Edmund in Ontario last year when he accidentally hit the chair umpire in the eye.“I definitely watched it back,” Edmund says, smiling. “You can see on the video that my head was down when he hit it. I thought he hit it against the boards at the side where our team was. I thought the umpire was going, ‘Oh no, what’s he done? You can’t smack a ball like that so close to people’. And then I realised it hit him. Read more Kyle Edmund left to fly flag for Britain at US Open after second-round win Share on LinkedIn Reuse this content Tennis US sports “It’s quite funny, everyone is in shock, no one is really doing anything. It got a few YouTube hits. All of my matches have got something like 5,000 or 10,000, then you go on that and it’s 200,000 just from that incident.”No umpire was permanently injured in the construction of this anecdote.As for the serious business ahead, Edmund is in good shape, physically and mentally. His impressive win over Johnson was his ninth match in 12 days and the second win over the fiesty American in a week after his run to the semi-finals in Winston-Salem before arriving in New York.It would seem he is handling what has been a stamina problem in previous best-of-five matches, although left-handed Shapovalov’s extravagant movement and snappy groundstrokes will present different challenges.As for filling Andy Murray’s boots after the world No2 withdrew with his worrying hip injury, Edmund says: “It’s more of a shame. It’s not, ‘Oh, well done, you’re the last Brit.’ It’s just a shame that a few of us have lost early and Andy was injured. It is what it is. But in another way it’s good that there’s some more depth in British tennis that we’re able to have other people go further – even if Evo’s not here.”Evo – Dan Evans – still awaits judgment on the length of his ban after admitting taking cocaine this summer. Meanwhile, his quiet friend soldiers on, a little louder but still quietly determined. Caroline Wozniacki criticises scheduling of Maria Sharapova at US Open Share via Email Share on Facebook Read more … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. 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Thank you. features Kyle Edmund Kyle Edmund would figure well in any poll for diffidence and politeness in the often noisy tennis jungle but the last British player standing at the US Open revealed before his third-round match against Denis Shapovalov on Friday that he has found his version of a mean streak.“This trip I’ve been a little bit more animated,” he says when pressed about a couple of appeals to the chair umpire during his impressive straight-sets win over Steve Johnson on Wednesday night.“My natural thing is probably to be a bit quieter. I have the same thoughts and stuff [as more volatile players] but you just keep them to yourself. But taking the fight to the opponent mentally is going to help me moving forward.“I’m trying to figure out ways to help me. I don’t feel like a lot of the [poor] stuff in my game is to do with my shots; I believe my ball-striking is really good, some of the best in the world. But where I’m going wrong is other areas. When I played [Grigor] Dimitrov in Washington, I got pretty upset there with a call. When I feel it’s an appropriate time to make my feelings heard, I will do it. I won’t do it unnecessarily but it’s definitely helped me.” Share on Twitter Topics US Open tennis Share on Pinterest Share on WhatsApp US Open Tennis 2017 Share on Messenger