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Oscar Handlin

first_imgAt a Meeting of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences on March 6, 2012, the following Minute was placed upon the records.Oscar Handlin, Carl M. Loeb University Professor, Emeritus, was the most influential and creative historian of American social life in the second half of the twentieth century.  Born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants, steeped in the lore and learning of Jewish culture, he developed in his youngest years a passion for learning—learning, as he wrote again and again, for its own sake, simply to know and understand the world and its people.  It was that passion that led him into and out of a Yeshiva in Brooklyn, through his studies at Brooklyn College, through years of encyclopedic reading in the Brooklyn and New York Public Libraries, and that led him finally to Harvard, which he considered the national citadel of learning.He entered the Harvard graduate school in 1934, at age 18, and after receiving his doctorate under the direction of Professor Arthur Schlesinger, Sr., in 1940, except for two years of teaching in Brooklyn, he taught at Harvard until his retirement.  It is an indication of the early recognition of his talents that his first appointment at Harvard (1945) was as Instructor, then Assistant Professor in Social Science, approved by the History, Psychology, and Sociology Departments.  By then the publication in 1941 of his dissertation on Boston’s immigrants, 1790-1865, had begun a stream of writings—at least forty books written or edited and innumerable articles and reviews—that lasted for over four decades.  His Commonwealth: a Study of the Role of Government in the American Economy: Massachusetts 1774-1816 (1947), written with his wife Mary F. Handlin, is a master work of technical scholarship that revealed, at a time when much of the economy was organized at a local level and democratic impulses had made widely accessible the instruments of state action, the forceful role of government that federalism had misled many to think did not exist.  Four years later his lyric, evocative The Uprooted (1951)—with its famous opening “Once I thought to write a history of the immigrants in America.  Then I discovered that the immigrants were American history”—won the Pulitzer Prize and carried readers, as no work of history had done before, into the interior, emotional world of immigrant experiences.  It stimulated a generation’s interest in the passages of uprooted people through the tortuous strains of resettlement and assimilation.It was his love of learning for its own sake, and of Harvard as the embodiment of it, that made the assault on the University in 1969 and 1970 such a bitter experience for him.  He could understand why students might try to turn the University into a political instrument.  They were ignorant.  And he could understand why political activists unaffiliated with Harvard might do so.  But he could never understand why some of his own colleagues, committed as he was to impartial scholarship and to the integrity of the University, would do so.  It was a savage blow to everything he believed in, and he never fully recovered from it.He was unique in his understanding and explanation of history.  It was not for him an assemblage of information but a form of intellection, a cognitive process, which he expressed year after year in his books and articles and in the classroom.  His lectures were unique.  They contained little descriptive information.  They were analyses of the structures of events and developments and the configurations they formed that explained how things came to be the way they were.  The lectures were dense, the logic tight, and they were difficult for many to grasp.  Yet they were popular—at one point too popular for him.  When attendance in his American Social History class topped 400, he dropped it.  “I did not believe,” he wrote “that an earnest desire for that kind of knowledge really moved that many undergraduates; and I feared that these lectures had become one of those experiences into which people drifted out of habit or reputation.  Therefore I chose subjects which on the face of it were not likely to draw crowds . . . and I offered my courses at an hour that required students either to postpone or skip their lunch.”He was unique too in his sheer competence.  His services to the University were extraordinary. While lecturing to undergraduates, he directed the graduate work of 80 doctoral candidates, whom he drove on, inspired, and protected, contacting socially many in other fields than his own for whom he had no formal responsibility; they all felt that he cared about their interests and would do what he could for their emerging careers.  An excellent administrator, he was a dominant force in the affairs of the History Department, served as the Harvard University Librarian (1979-1984), and began the Library’s modernization.  In a crisis he took over the Directorship of the Harvard University Press (1972).  He founded and directed the Warren Center for Studies in American History as well as his own Center for the Study of the History of Liberty in America. And he was equally active outside the University.  He was a co-founder of a new television station and became a TV commentator.  He served as Fulbright Commissioner, as an Overseer of Brandeis University, a Trustee of the New York Public Library, and he testified in Congress, with great effect, for the reform of American immigration policy.In his last years, with the assistance of his devoted second wife, the historian Lilian Bombach, with whom he wrote the four-volume conclusion to his study of the history of liberty in America as well as several other books, he continued his daily visits to his Widener study.  He died in September 2011, aged 95, having lived a life of true learning, devoted to its transmission to generations of students and to the public at large.Respectfully submitted,Robert DarntonRichard PipesStephan ThernstromBernard Bailyn, Chairlast_img read more

Film highlights families

first_imgThe documentary “Project Hopeful” first premiered at the 23rd Annual Notre Dame Student Film Festival in January 2012. In just 10 months, the film has been accepted to more than 15 national and international festivals, earning “Best Picture” at the RE:IMAGE Film Festival 2012 and second place at the LA New Wave International Film Festival 2012, among other honors. 2012 graduates Kelsie Kiley and Grace Johnson created the film, which follows three families from Joliet, Il.: the Twietmeyers, Heims and Allens, who have doubled the size of their families by adopting orphans with HIV/AIDS. The families then created Project Hopeful, a non-profit organization trying to provide homes and support for children with HIV/AIDS. “The premise of our story is just to give you a glimpse into their everyday lives and how manageable these diseases are,” Kiley said. The documentary was a project for professor Ted Mandell’s documentary production class, Kiley said. “Grace and I both knew that we wanted to create a social change documentary, so we began searching for positive human interest stories that might fit what we were looking to create,” she said. When the two found out about Project Hopeful, Kiley said they knew this was a message they wanted to spread. “We have helped to get so much press and recognition for this non-profit, and that has become the greatest accomplishment,” she said. “This reflects our greatest goal, which is to find more homes and families for more children and to spread awareness about how manageable it is to live with HIV/AIDS. Spreading this message has been such a blessing for us, and hearing how many people it has affected is more than we could have ever imagined.” Johnson said the idea of the documentary was to let these families’ stories shine through without manipulating them in any way. “We aimed to let the stories of the families speak for themselves,” Johnson said. “That is why we are so proud of this project because it feels real and a truly unobstructed account of their lives.” Kiley said she and Johnson didn’t have to do much to show how special these families truly are. “We didn’t want anyone to feel like we were trying to make these people seem inspirational,” she said. “They do all of that on their own.” Kiley and Johnson received the Broad Avenue Filmmakers Award, a grant through the Film, Television and Theatre Department, to fund “Project Hopeful,” Kiley said. “We truly couldn’t have made this film or had it seen on such a grandiose level, if it wasn’t for the FTT Department,” Kiley said. Because the grant enabled them to use professional equipment, Kiley said she and Johnson realized the potential the film had for reaching wide audiences. “After the first day of shooting, I think we realized how much good this film could do,” she said. “We had the power to use professional equipment to make a film that could be seen across the country, spreading news about these inspirational families and their incredible work. Our hope was that we could create something that would be meaningful, but not manipulating.” Even though Kiley has a job at Lionsgate Films and Jax Media and Johnson works at Bravo, Kiley said they plan to make a sequel to “Project Hopeful.” “We are currently in pre-production for a follow-up documentary. Our working title right now is ‘Adopted: The Project Hopeful Story,’ where we will be following the Twietmeyers and the Heims as they both travel to Ukraine this fall and winter to adopt more children for their already amazing families,” she said. Johnson said she would like to see more Notre Dame film students help out with the sequel. “Whether a joint venture between current documentary students at Notre Dame or another solo project, we’re hoping to receive assistance or funding in capturing more moments with these families as they continue to build their families and assist children in need,” Johnson said. To learn more about “Project Hopeful,” visit www.projecthopefulmovie.comlast_img read more

Fireplaces Demand Safety

first_img* Many fire departments now offer first aid classes for people in their communities. At least onemember of the family should be familiar with first aid procedures. * Burning evergreens in the fireplace can be dangerous. When dry, evergreens burn like tinder.Their flames can flare out of control, sending sparks flying around the room. Be sure the flue is open. Use a screen to enclose the front of your fireplace to confine live embersand sparks to the fire box. “Used correctly, your fireplace is a source of warmth and cozy atmosphere,” says Dale Dorman,a housing specialist with the University of Georgia Extension Service. “But be sure to follow therules to avoid fire risks.” Prepare for emergencies. Dorman recommends certain safety rules: * Keep the fire department, police, ambulance, doctor and other emergency numbers posted onor near your telephone. A fireplace can be warm and wonderful. But the evening news is sprinkled with stories of tragicfires that rob families of possessions, homes and even loved ones.center_img Use care with “fire salts” that produce colored flames when thrown on a wood fire. They containheavy metals, and can cause intense gastrointestinal irritation or vomiting if eaten. Keep themaway from children and pets. * Make an emergency plan to use if a fire breaks out anywhere in your home. See that eachfamily member knows at least two escape routes.* Don’t wear loose, flowing clothes, especially long, open sleeves, near the open flames of afireplace, stove or candle-lit table. * Keep matches, lighters and candles out of the reach of children. * Keep a UL-listed multipurpose fire extinguisher in your home. Know where it is and how touse it. * Plan for safety. Remember, there is no substitute for common sense. Look for and eliminatepotential danger spots near candles, fireplaces and electrical connections.last_img read more

Homemade Gifts

first_imgMany people are turning toward home canning as a way to show their loved ones how much they care during the holidays. While gifts from one’s own kitchen can mean a lot, it’s essential that the canner use the proper techniques so that everyone has a safe and healthy holiday season. “A common mistake that people make is trusting their friends (or) past family experiences more than science-based recommendations for home canning,” said Elizabeth Andress, Extension food safety specialist with the University of Georgia and director of the National Center for Home Food Preservation. “People also want to be creative and guess at the correct processing for their own recipes, while not understanding all the factors that contribute to the correct processing time and temperature.” By following the instructions and taking the right precautions, canners can avoid giving their friends and family members spoiled food or food poisoning for the holidays. Under-processing of canned goods, like meats and vegetables, may lead to the bacteria being inside of the food without the food showing signs of spoilage. It is important to use up-to-date canning instructions from dependable experts, like the National Center for Home Food Preservation or UGA Extension. Canning knowledge and equipment have changed since canning foods at home began generations ago and hand-me-down recipes could be potentially dangerous. “Giving home-preserved gifts adds a personal touch, but you do take on the added responsibility of vouching for the safety of the foods you give,” Andress said. “As tempting as it may be to impress your recipients with a brand new, never-before-tasted canned creation, the first measure of safety is to use tested recommendations from reliable sources.” Instead of experimenting with recipes, package time-tested, home-preserved gifts in creative ways. Be sure to use the correct jars. Some jars are intended for non-canning purposes, like crafts, and are not designed to withstand the heat or temperature changes of the canning process. When labeling jars, it is essential to let gift recipients know exactly what they are getting. Remember to include the date of creation of the goodies as well as a “use by” date. For most canned foods, a year offers the best quality for the food. If the jar allows it, try to include the ingredients of what is inside the jar; this is especially helpful for those with food allergies. Lastly, include instructions so recipients know how to properly store the home-canned foods. If you have a friend or family member who likes to preserve food at home, there are several great gifts that will make their canning experience easier and more enjoyable. “A new apron and a set of kitchen towels make great gifts. These may seem ordinary to some people, but will be appreciated by a person who enjoys food preparation,” Andress said. “Taking time this holiday season to select the perfect gift for the home food preserver will provide additional joy once food preservation season rolls around again.”For more information about canning, UGA’s “So Easy to Preserve” book offers many options for your home-canned jams, butters and other tasty treats. The book can be ordered at read more

Swiss company NEK to build 1,000MW of wind capacity in Ghana

first_imgSwiss company NEK to build 1,000MW of wind capacity in Ghana FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享ESI Africa:Swiss engineering company NEK has announced its plans to generate 1,000MW of electricity from several wind farms in Ghana.The independent power producer believes the implementation of this megaproject will serve as incentive to implement Ghana’s plan to transition its electricity supply to 100% renewables by 2040.Currently, Ghana’s electricity mix is dominated by thermal power generated by large fossil fuel-fired power plants. However, climate change is starting to affect hydropower production because of declining river flows.NEK’s planned project spans several phases. The first phase is expected to generate 160MW and the second, 75MW. The company has already secured several concessions in Ghana, including in the locality of Amlakpo, more than 80km from Ghanaian capital Accra, where they want to build a 200MW wind farm.In Ayitepa in the south-east of Ghana, NEK will develop a 225MW wind farm. Studies to construct this facility started in 1998.The Koluedor Wind Farm project site is located in the Ningo Prampram, around 70 to 75kms east of Accra. This project should provide 160MW of installed power from 48 turbines. The planned Madavunu Wind Farm in the Ada West District will provide up to 200MW installed power from 60 turbines.More: Wind plans for Ghana gaining momentumlast_img read more

Severe Thunderstorms, Light Snow Possible This Week

first_imgThe upcoming forecast comes as Long Island has enjoyed unusually high temperatures in February, including several days pushing or exceeding 60 degrees. Wednesday is expected to continue the string of unseasonably warm days, with forecasters calling for a high of 62. Thursday will be sunny and breezy with a high of 49, but temperatures are predicted to drop Friday and Saturday to 39 and 36 degrees, respectively.What’s more, forecasters are also calling for a chance of light snow Friday. Winter may not be through with us after all. Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Forecasters at the National Weather Service’s Upton office are warning of hazardous weather coming this way in the form of thunderstorms and gusty winds.The hazardous weather outlook calls for a possibility of severe thunderstorms Wednesday “with the main threat being from damaging wind gusts.”The storm is expected to begin in the afternoon and continue through the evening. A total of a half an inch of rain is possible during the duration of the storm, forecasters said.last_img read more

5 ways to save on common household expenses

first_img 65SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,John Pettit John Pettit is the Managing Editor for John manages the content on the site, including current news, editorial, press releases, jobs and events. He keeps the credit union … Web: Details If you’re like me, you’re always looking for ways to save. Sure, you can take drastic measures like living in a tiny house, but there are far easier ways to save money. Here’s a look at a few ways you can easily save a few bucks on your common household expenses.Bundle upWe’ve all got internet, and some of you have yet to cut the cord on cable services. If you plan on keeping it around, the least you can do is bundle up your services. If you’re paying two different companies for those services, you’re crazy! Check out and find a bundle package that’s available in your area.Clip those couponsThis doesn’t sound complicated, and for good reason. Even if your grocery bill is smaller than most, remember that you don’t have to be a family of five to save money at the checkout. Check out the weekly ads at your grocery store and keep those coupons that come with your receipt.Cancel that gym membershipThat gym membership sounded good around New Year’s but now you’re only going a few times a month. You can save that money and buy a bike and some dumbbells, or even just a new pair of running shoes. Only keep that gym membership if you’re truly committed.Find cheap entertainmentI love movies. For some films, I’m counting down the minutes until the release date and I’m more than likely going to shell out 10-12 bucks to see them on opening night. But those aren’t the only movies I like to see. My local theater has $5 movies on Tuesday nights and another local theater releases movies a few months later at an even cheaper rate. If you don’t have those options where you live, head to the Redbox and make it a double feature for way cheaper.Make coffee at homeYou’ve probably heard this one before. You like your Starbucks coffee and don’t want to settle for making your own. Grab a Keurig, buy some K-Cups, and get over it. That 3-4 dollars per day will really add up. In fact, if you start putting that cash away every day, you’ll be pleasantly surprised to see what you’ve got in a year from now. Next year’s summer vacation may be paid for.last_img read more

Masks for the masses: Broome County gives out face coverings

first_img(WBNG) – Cars lined up outside the the old Macy’s building in Johnson City and at Otsiningo Park Friday. “It’s an incredibly stupid thing not to wear a mask,” Garnar emphasized. “I really encourage people to do what 99% of other people are doing: get your masks on because you’re hurting other people by not doing it.” The county official has been talking to local businesses throughout the county’s fight against the coronavirus, and understands the difficulties many of them have. But while the masks will help slow the spread of COVID-19 and keep the public safe, they will also serve as groundwork for a re-opening of the local economy. Garnar spoke on how vital the face masks were to get to people in Broome County after New York Governor Andrew Cuomo mandated the public wear masks last week. “If we want to re-open our businesses and get our economy going again, we’re going to have to wear these masks. So let’s get used to it now,” Garnar stressed. “It’s clear that there’s a huge need for masks in Broome County,” Garnar said. “People are coming here and they are getting the masks that they need. I’m really happy because it’s going to keep people safe and prevent the spread of the coronavirus.” Earlier this week, Broome County Executive Jason Garnar said the county received 68,000 masks from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), with close to 16,000 of those masks being given out to county residents throughout the day on Friday. A second round of mask distributions will be held at the same locations on Saturday, April 25, from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. “It’s just so hard to get them now,” Garnar said. “I know a lot of people have been trying to make them on their own, and that’s great. A lot of people stepped up locally and made tons of them.” “[It’s] incredibly frustrating because a lot of businesses are just closed. They’re not allowed to open,” Garnar says. “There’s a mount frustration that they can’t wait that much longer or they’re going to just have to walk away,” Garnar said. For more coronavirus coverage, click here. While Garnar is proud of people doing their part to keep everyone safe, he has a clear message to those who are not. According to an official press release, starting Monday, April 27, the county will make masks available at some of the school meal distribution sites.  If people do not heed guidelines such as social distancing from others and wearing masks in public settings, it could slow the re-opening of the economy, which could leave an impact of businesses.  The two locations served as pick-up sites for Broome County’s distribution of face masks.last_img read more

Investors see an ‘All clear’ for a reopening rally. Are they right this time?

first_imgTraders work the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.NYSE The history of such sudden bursts of relief among the public shows they’re not typically the greatest entry points but also far from automatic rally killers.Nearly $45 billion in net inflows rushed toward equity funds in the latest week, which Bank of America calls an all-time record.As the chart here shows, the last comparable intake was in January 2018, a month when a furious rally crested in the afterglow of a long-awaited bullish catalyst, the passage of the Trump tax cut weeks earlier. The market soon skidded into a jarring correction, then a choppy sideways phase, before returning to those highs within months. Bank of America global strategist Michael Hartnett sees these flows as well as the synchronous surge in global equity markets to overbought extremes as a hint of a culmination process for this advance getting underway.“We are sellers-into-strength into vaccine,” he says, based on “peak positioning, peak policy, peak profits likely coming months,” comparing it to the 2018 pattern.Is it a market top?Members of the American Association of Individual Investors have been among the more stubborn groups in mistrusting the market since the March bottom with below-average bullish sentiment in the group’s weekly for a record stretch – until last week.Bulls in the survey, which runs through Tuesday each week, jumped from 38% to 55% – also the highest reading since January 2018. The history of similar jumps in AAII bulls since the survey started in 1987 show somewhat below-average – but still positive – S&P 500 returns in the coming months.SentimenTrader, a research service that analyzes the market implications of investor attitudes and behavior, looked at prior dates when the AAII bullish percentage jumped more than seven percentage points and more than $7 billion went into equity funds.The combination of factors top-ticked the 2003-2007 bull market, but aside from that these were not particularly bad times to be buying stocks, with respectable forward returns extending out six months to a year.In other words, when investors get enthusiastic, it can mean the market is due to cool off a bit and perhaps becomes less able to shake off scary headlines. But it doesn’t pay to immediately assume a bullish public will automatically be proved wrong. Not every rally is hated, not all upside progress happens in ironic repudiation of the consensus, not every trade is the “pain trade.”Another overshoot like June?Admittedly, the market’s strength last week in other ways seemed incongruous. The gains were distinctly led by cyclical stocks geared tightly to a reopened economy, even as the daily news flow was of an alarming Covid-case surge and re-imposed business restrictions and social-distancing orders.A buyer of Monday’s opening pop with the S&P 500 over 3600 for the first time is still underwater even as the S&P gained more than 2% on the week, as that buying frenzy faded and the huge growth stocks that dominate the index fizzled.Monday was the single worst day on record for the momentum investing theme, and money overall flowed from growth to value, large stocks to small, stay-at-home plays to back-to-work names, year-to-date winners to laggards and defensive to cyclical.If the market’s message can be taken at face value, then it’s encouraging for the economic outlook and supportive of the equity rally. But the day-to-day action was erratic enough – looking at times like automated investment-factor pinball – that it’s tough to say for sure.Can these shifts be read as the market resolutely looking beyond the immediate slowdown threat of a winter virus outbreak toward a moment in early 2021 when treatments and vaccines liberate the economy? Or was this another overshoot of reopening enthusiasm as we saw in early June before a market setback and a return to the shelter of the mega-cap growth darlings?This is the debate last week set up for investors to engage over the coming weeks.Aside from sentiment and equity flows getting a bit giddy, the market’s underpinnings are hard to fault too much. The rally has been broad in recent weeks, showing urgency by buyers, though this is most predictive of strength beyond the next month or so.Earnings forecasts for early 2021 are on the rise and the S&P’s multi-month sideways churn has allowed profits to do some catching up to prices, leaving the market looking not cheap but a bit less richly valued than in midsummer.It’s tough for stocks to encounter too much lasting trouble when credit markets are strong enough that junk-bond yields fell below 5% for the first time. Frothy, perhaps, but free of financial stress.And of course, seasonal patterns are favorable — which doesn’t necessarily change just because most investors are now in a full sprint, intent on catching a year-end rally. Wised-up market watchers are quick to sneer and jeer when small investors start to cheer a stock rally.And cheer they did last week, reacting to a clear election result and encouraging news on Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine trials with an emotional burst of buying at Monday’s open, the largest inflow for equity funds in years and one of the biggest jumps in retail-investor optimism on record.Given that the crowd is known to be wrong at extremes, skeptics last week quickly seized on this evidence that the public perceived “All clear” as a warning that fuel for further market gains was running low.- Advertisement – There’s no doubt that investors who had stayed in a defensive crouch ahead of the “known unknowns” of the presidential election and vaccine-development efforts before finally grabbing for stocks last week on what seemed like a moment of clarity ended up buying much higher than they could have.When the S&P 500 opened higher by some 3% to start Monday, it was 11% above than it closed just ten days earlier, when all the talk was of “uncertainty” and downside risk. And this, just two weeks after we made the case that investors were fearful enough to set up a late-year rebound attempt. One can understand folks want in on a fourth-quarter rally, but the S&P is already up 6.6% this quarter, more than the average gain for the October-December period.Yet just because they paid up for having waited doesn’t mean they bought a market top.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – – Advertisement –last_img read more

Two more leave Chesterton

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