East African Breweries Limited (EABL.ug) listed on the Uganda Securities Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2018 abridged results.For more information about East African Breweries Limited (EABL.ug) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the East African Breweries Limited (EABL.ug) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: East African Breweries Limited (EABL.ug) 2018 abridged results.Company ProfileEast African Breweries Limited produces and distributes a range of beer and spirit brands and non-alcoholic beverages for local consumption in Uganda. Popular brands include Tusker Malt Lager, Tusker Lite, Guinness, Pilsner, White Cap Lager, Allsopps Lager, Balozi Lager, Senator Lager, Bell Lager, Serengeti Premium Lager, Johnnie Walker, Smirnoff, Kenya Cane, Chrome Vodka and Ciroc. East African Breweries has operations in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and South Sudan; and exports alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages to Rwanda, Burundi and the Great Lakes region. Subsidiary companies include Kenya Breweries Limited, Uganda Breweries Limited, East African Breweries (Mauritius) Limited, International Distillers Uganda Limited and East African Maltings (Kenya) Limited. Established in 1922, the group has its headquarters in Ruaraka, near the capital of Nairobi. East African Breweries Limited is listed on the Uganda Securities Exchange
I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Alan Oscroft | Friday, 28th February, 2020 | More on: LLOY I’ve recently been thinking about the bear case for Lloyds Banking Group (LSE: LLOY) in 2020. And though I really see the bank as a strong long-term income buy, it could be in for a rockier ride in the short term.But could anything turn the tables in 2020 and lead to a Lloyds share price rally? Here are three things I think might do the job.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…BrexitThe most obvious thing, I think, would be a Brexit trade deal breakthrough.Lloyds doesn’t have direct exposure to European banking any more, having refocused itself as a UK retail bank. But that does make it dependent on the UK economy and on the levels of mortgages and business loans it can offer. And the outlook for the UK economy isn’t looking great right now.If we suffer poor (or no) growth, fewer businesses will chase funding, and fewer people will want to buy new houses. All that would weaken business for Lloyds, depress its profits, and perhaps even threaten its precious dividend.A trade deal with Europe could well be the thing that makes the difference between modest economic growth and recession. So come on Boris, for the sake of our dividends…DividendSpeaking of dividends, one of the things Lloyds’ bears fear is a cut. The bank was forced to halt its share buyback programme when PPI claims climbed way above the levels we’d been expecting. But that’s over now.And there’s one positive I take from it, considering some commentators were predicting a dividend cut and a share price collapse should the PPI total rise too high. Well, it reached an eye-watering £21.9bn, but the share price didn’t collapse. And there’s no sign of a dividend cut.In fact, Lloyds has just lifted its 2019 dividend by 5% to 3.37p per share. Not only wasn’t it cut, it was raised by more than twice the rate of inflation.Still, other things could impact on the dividend, like proposed new legislation requiring even better levels of liquidity in the future. But on that score, we’re out of the EU now, so there should be less pressure from that direction.The longer we get into 2020 without a dividend cut, the more I can see the share price gaining ground.Consumer debtCould a consumer credit bust be a cause of dividend pressure? On top of falling mortgages and business loans, a rising tide of consumer debts going bad could turn the screw on the dividend.But I saw nothing to worry me on that score in the 2019 results. And while I think a continued economic downturn almost certainly will lead to increased bad debts, I don’t see a credit bust.The main reason is there hasn’t been a credit boom. Since the banking crisis, UK discretionary spending has remained very restrained — just ask any high street retailer how things are going.Big names going bust, or struggling, really does feed back to the spending public. And when we see companies like Thomas Cook failing, it puts is in a pessimistic mood and helps keep our hands in our pockets.The more we don’t see escalating bad consumer credit, the more I think we could see improving share price strength. 3 things I think could boost the Lloyds share price in 2020 See all posts by Alan Oscroft Image source: Getty Images I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Alan Oscroft owns shares of Lloyds Banking Group. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Lloyds Banking Group. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Enter Your Email Address Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this.
I buy cheap shares like Warren Buffett buys burgers! Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Cliff D’Arcy | Saturday, 27th February, 2021 | More on: GSK ULVR Billionaire Warren Buffett is regarded as one of the world’s greatest investors. His folksy wisdom has entertained shareholders in his giant conglomerate, Berkshire Hathaway, for decades. Buffett’s advice on a wide range of topics has entered into modern folklore. As a value investor, I’m a huge fan of Buffett. I often look to him for advice on buying cheap shares. Here are two things the Oracle of Omaha has taught me about buying into businesses.1. Stock up on burgers (and cheap shares) when prices fallIn 1997, Buffett asked, “If you plan to eat hamburgers throughout your life and are not a cattle producer, should you wish for higher or lower prices for beef?” In other words, if one wants to buy shares, then one should be delighted when prices fall. Instead, many investors do the opposite: they sell at low prices and buy at high prices. Following Buffett’s advice, I’ve sworn off buying pricey US stocks. Instead, I’m trawling the FTSE 100 looking for ‘fallen angels’ (solid businesses with cheap shares).5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…For example, the share price of drug-maker GlaxoSmithKline (LSE: GSK) has declined for a year and more. On 24 January 2020, the GSK share price spiked to peak at 1,857p. On Friday, it closed at 1,191p, down 666p from this high. That’s a collapse of more than a third (35.9%) in 14 months. It’s also a 52-week low. Today, GSK shares trade on price-to-earnings ratio of 10.6 and an earnings yield of 9.4%. The 80p-a-share dividend equates to a dividend yield of 6.7% a year. But GSK plans to cut this dividend in 2021, as earnings might decline until 2024. Even so, I still see GSK as one of cheapest of cheap shares in the Footsie. Hence, I plan to buy more GSK shares for my family portfolio.2. Quality is worth paying for Another favourite Buffett quote is, “It’s far better to buy a wonderful company at a fair price than a fair company at a wonderful price”. It’s worth paying premium prices to buy into exceptional businesses. But what if you could buy into a brilliant business with cheap shares?For instance, Unilever (LSE: GSK) is one of the British businesses I most admire. The Anglo-Dutch giant is a global Goliath at selling fast-moving consumer goods. Look in your cupboards and you might find several Unilever brands. That’s because these are among the most trusted and widely bought products in the world. Incredibly, 2.5bn people use Unilever products each day. In 2019, Unilever’s revenues were €52bn (£45bn). Who wouldn’t want a piece of that action? Yet, Unilever stock is creeping into ‘cheap shares’ territory.At its 52-week high on 14 October last year, the Unilever share price peaked at £49.44. Today, they are on sale at £37.33. That’s a discount of £12.11 a share — almost a quarter (24.5%) — from the 2020 high. To me, this sell-off smells like an opportunity to buy into a world-class business at a reduced price. Today, ULVR trades on a price-to-earnings ratio of 20.2 and an earnings yield of 5.0%. The dividend yield of 4% exceeds that on offer by the wider FTSE 100. In historic terms, these are lowly ratings for this global leader’s shares. But Unilever had bumper sales boost due to Covid-19 restrictions. Alas, this surge is unlikely to be repeated in 2021–22. Difficult economic conditions could also pressure Unilever’s profits. Nevertheless, Unilever’s cheap shares remain high on my buy list for 2021. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Image source: The Motley Fool Cliffdarcy owns shares of GlaxoSmithKline. The Motley Fool UK has recommended GlaxoSmithKline and Unilever. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Enter Your Email Address See all posts by Cliff D’Arcy Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997”
Those are the choices in front of Sonny Bill: try to play in the League World Cup; ignore that event but stay with the Roosters; head back to New Zealand and start playing Union again. After all, he has never been one to sign long-term deals or enter a contract without a built-in trapdoor.Whatever way you cut it and whatever you think about him, Sonny Bill Williams must be one of the most envied men in any code of rugby with the most scenic escape routes available to him. HAMILTON, NEW ZEALAND – AUGUST 04: Sonny Bill Williams during the Super Rugby final match between Chiefs and The Sharks at Waikato Stadium on August 04, 2012 in Hamilton, New Zealand. (Photo by Steve Haag/Gallo Images/Getty Images) LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Fan favourite: Men, women and children all seem to scream for Sonny Bill Williams, but will the All Blacks?By Alan DymockSOPHIE’S CHOICE is a heart-wrenching tale, too uncomfortable to consider. Sonny’s Choice, however, is one all of us would be jealous of.Sonny Bill Williams has missed out on selection for New Zealand’s Rugby League World Cup squad having dithered over his desire to play for the team, saying he probably shouldn’t travel with them due to “other commitments.” Yet he may well have had a change of heart and may seek to travel to England for the spectacle, according to some reports in Australia.Ignoring the fact that Williams appears to believe he has the luxury of picking and choosing what international coaches in different codes do, he has a chance to select from several attractive suitors over the next few seasons. Union Chief: Williams in 2012Having just won Australia’s League club grand final with the Sydney Roosters he has continued to enjoy great success in his career, but in missing out on the World Cup, rumours have spread behind Williams that he may consider switching codes once again to play Union in 2014.Fellow code-hopper Benji Marshall has recently signed up to the Auckland Blues and Sonny Bill would allegedly be welcomed back to the Waikato Chiefs with open arms, with the pair then able to set their sights on building towards the 2015 Rugby World Cup with the All Blacks. In a time when Ma’a Nonu is being repeatedly linked with a move to France while no Super 15 franchises want to touch him and with Conrad Smith set to rest for the duration of the All Blacks’ November tour at the end of 2013 there is a glimmer of hope for those wanting to see the League-reared pair feature for New Zealand in 2014 and beyond.
SHARE Facebook Twitter By Gary Truitt – Dec 19, 2013 FDA Plans to Change FSMA Proposed Rules that Affect Farmers SHARE The Food and Drug Administration will propose revised rule language on two of the proposed rules under the Food Safety Modernization Act that affect farmers. FDA Deputy Commissioner for Foods and Veterinary Medicine Michael Taylor says the agency believes this decision was made in response to the careful consideration of many people involved in supplying our food and is critical to fulfilling a commitment to getting them right. The plan is to issue revised rules for the proposed rules on produce safety and preventive controls for human food by early next summer. Among other things – the changes will encompass water quality standards and testing and standards for using manure and compost. FDA will seek comments on the revised sections of the rule.Positive Responses to FDA DecisionThe American Feed Industry Association and United Fresh both responded positively to the FDA’s plan to make changes to proposed Food Safety Modernization Act rules. According to AFIA President and CEO Joel Newman – the decision shows the agency’s recognition of the complexity of the rules and their willingness to take the extra step to ensure the final rules will be as practical as possible for implementation by the industry. He says AFIA acknowledges FDA’s intent to make these rules well suited for everyone involved in various industry segments. Newman says this is a positive sign for the future of the Food Safety Modernization Act. United Fresh Senior Vice President of Food Safety and Technology David Gombas says his group is encouraged that FDA took the extensive input received from produce farmers and others in the agricultural sector on the proposed Produce Safety and Preventive Controls rules seriously. He says United Fresh appreciates the agency’s willingness to rethink these provisions and propose requirements that are more science and risk-based. Gombas says it’s critical that FDA get these FSMA rules right – and United Fresh believes this is a step in the right direction. Facebook Twitter Previous articleBough Named to Leadership RoleNext articleEthanol Celebrates Six Years of RFS Gary Truitt Home Indiana Agriculture News FDA Plans to Change FSMA Proposed Rules that Affect Farmers
Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Business News Community News City Staff Conducts Virtual Workshop on Historic Preservation Ordinance Today By ANDY VITALICIO Published on Tuesday, June 30, 2020 | 1:48 pm Community News STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy HerbeautyThese Are 15 Great Style Tips From Asian WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyA Mental Health Chatbot Which Helps People With DepressionHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat Is It That Actually Makes French Women So Admirable?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThis Trend Looks Kind Of Cool!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Brutally Honest Reasons Why You’re Still SingleHerbeautyHerbeauty Make a comment Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday 23 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it More Cool Stuff Pasadena’s Department of Planning and Community Development is hosting a virtual workshop on Wednesday, July 1, to gather public input that will help the department as it undertakes a review of the City’s current Historic Preservation ordinance.Earlier, the Pasadena City Council directed the department to update the current ordinance, Chapter 17.62 of the Pasadena Municipal Code, to address community concerns and ensure that it reflects “best practices in the field of historic preservation.”“Everyone is encouraged to review the current ordinance and provide comments on changes that you believe should be made to the ordinance,” the Planning Department said in a notice about Wednesday’s workshop. “Staff will provide all comments received to the decision-makers for consideration during the update process.”During the virtual workshop, staff from the Planning Department will summarize the current Historic Preservation Ordinance, answer questions and receive comments. They will then consolidate these inputs and report back to the City Council.Wednesday’s workshop on Zoom begins at 5 p.m. Any member of the public can decide to join by visiting this link: https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87164273465 or by calling (669) 900-6833. The webinar ID is 871 6427 3465.Following the informational workshop, public hearings will be held before the Historic Preservation Commission, Planning Commission and City Council to review the proposed updates and receive additional public comments.For more information and updates, visit www.cityofpasadena.net/planning/planning-division/design-and-historic-preservation/historic-preservation/historic-preservation-ordinance-update. STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Community News Top of the News Subscribe EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
[Breaking] Rajasthan Speaker Withdraws Plea Filed In SC Challenging HC Judgment In Sachin Pilot Camp’s Case
Top Stories[Breaking] Rajasthan Speaker Withdraws Plea Filed In SC Challenging HC Judgment In Sachin Pilot Camp’s Case LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK26 July 2020 10:38 PMShare This – xThe Rajasthan Speaker on Monday withdrew the petition filed by him in the Supreme Court challenging the July 21 direction passed by the Rajasthan High Court to extend the time for 19 Congress MLAs led by Sachin Pilot to submit replies to the disqualification notices.Senior Advocate Kapil Sibal, appearing for Speaker, CP Joshi, submitted before a bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra that the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Rajasthan Speaker on Monday withdrew the petition filed by him in the Supreme Court challenging the July 21 direction passed by the Rajasthan High Court to extend the time for 19 Congress MLAs led by Sachin Pilot to submit replies to the disqualification notices.Senior Advocate Kapil Sibal, appearing for Speaker, CP Joshi, submitted before a bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra that the High Court has passed a fresh order on July 24. Therefore, the July 21 order has merged with the July 24 order, he added.”We have to weight our legal options on what do next”, Sibal said.Following that, the bench allowed the petition to be withdrawn, granting liberty to file a fresh Special Leave Petitin and by keeping all contentions open .The impugned direction was passed by the High Cout while reserving judgment on the petition filed by the rebel MLAs challenging the Speaker’s disqualification notices.This was challenged by the Speaker contending that HC had no jurisdiction to interfere with the Speaker’s decision at an interim stage before finalising the disqualification proceedings.On July 23, a bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra of the SC had decided to hear the petition in detail, saying that “serious questions relating to democracy” were involved.The bench, however, had refused to stay the proceedings in the HC but said that the judgment to be passed by HC will be subject to the orders of the SC.On the next day, the High Court passed an order, holding the petition to be maintainable, and directing the Speaker to maintain ‘status quo’, till the time the Court hears the petition next. The Court did not grant any next date for hearing.Meanwhile, a fresh political drama is brewing in Rajasthan after the Governor, Kalraj Mishra, stalled the move of Chief Minister, Ashok Gehlot, to summon the assembly session.It was on July 14 that the Speaker, Dr C P Joshi, served the notices on the 19 dissident MLAs, including Pilot, amid their rebellion against Chief Minister, Ashok Gehlot. They were initially given time till 1 PM, July 17 to submit the replies. The basis of the notices was the complaint filed by Mahesh Joshi, the Congress Party Whip, who alleged that rebel MLAs had attracted disqualification under Tenth Schedule of the Constitution with their anti-party statements and refusal to attend the party meetings on July 13 and 14, defying the whip’s directives.Meanwhile, the 19 MLAs approached the High Court on July 16, challenging the Speaker’s action. The Court started hearing the matter on July 17, and in view of the pendency of the proceedings, the Speaker extended the time for reply.Click Here To Download Order[Read Order]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Gluten-free brand Genius has rebranded as part of a £3m summer marketing spend, to support its aim to become a household name.It hopes the new look will help move the brand into the mainstream bakery category, as it increases its presence both in the UK and internationally.Activity will include wide-ranging experiential and digital activity, with a My Perfect Toast campaign forming the centrepiece. Consumers will be encouraged to make their own perfect toast and share their unique flavour combinations online.A Genius Perfect Toast Van will also visit 10 UK cities adn a variety of festivals this summer, offering free hot buttered toast and jam, as well as discount coupons for nearby supermarkets.Mari Laidlaw, marketing manager, said: “Our brand evolution work underlines our commitment to continue to lead and develop this exciting category. With an increasing number of consumers opting to avoid gluten, the category is rapidly going mainstream and the rebrand is part of our response to that trend.“As we constantly expand into new product categories, we need to ensure we appeal to our core customer group, coeliacs and those with intolerances, but which will also entice new customers, particularly those who are buying gluten-free foods for lifestyle reasons.”As part of the relaunch, Genius’ Original 400 loaf will be renamed The Original Recipe Loaf. The product will also have the front slice removed and be sliced lengthways to demonstrate the premium look and taste of Lucinda’s original recipe.Two 350g loaves will also be joining the line-up, with more launches expected later in the year.
A new study from researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) has found that a group of volunteers who consumed a serving of canned soup each day for five consecutive days had a more than 1,000 percent increase in urinary bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations compared with the same individuals who then consumed fresh soup daily for five days. The study is one of the first to quantify BPA levels in humans after ingestion of canned foods.The findings were published online Nov. 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and will appear in the Nov. 23-30 print issue.“Previous studies have linked elevated BPA levels with adverse health effects,” said Jenny Carwile, a doctoral student in the Department of Epidemiology at HSPH and lead author of the study. “The next step was to figure out how people are getting exposed to BPA. We’ve known for a while that drinking beverages that have been stored in certain hard plastics can increase the amount of BPA in your body. This study suggests that canned foods may be an even greater concern, especially given their wide use.”Exposure to the endocrine-disrupting chemical BPA, used in the lining of metal food and beverage cans, has been shown to interfere with reproductive development in animals and has been linked with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity in humans. In addition to the lining of food and beverage cans, BPA is also found in polycarbonate bottles (identified by the recycling number 7) and dentistry composites and sealants.The researchers, led by Carwile and Karin Michels, associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology, set out to quantify whether canned-soup consumption would increase urinary BPA concentrations relative to eating fresh soup.They recruited student and staff volunteers from HSPH. One group consumed a 12-ounce serving of vegetarian canned soup each day for five days; another group consumed 12 ounces of vegetarian fresh soup (prepared without canned ingredients) daily for five days. After a two-day “washout” period, the groups reversed their assignments.Urine samples of the 75 volunteers taken during the testing showed that consumption of a serving of canned soup daily was associated with a 1,221 percent increase in BPA compared with levels in urine collected after consumption of fresh soup.The researchers note that the elevation in urinary BPA concentrations may be temporary and that further research is needed to quantify its duration.“The magnitude of the rise in urinary BPA we observed after just one serving of soup was unexpected and may be of concern among individuals who regularly consume foods from cans or drink several canned beverages daily. It may be advisable for manufacturers to consider eliminating BPA from can linings,” said Michels, senior author of the study.Support for this study was provided by an Allen Foundation grant and a Training Grant in Environmental Epidemiology from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Leave those calluses alone If you’re from a Western society, chances are you value individuality, independence, analytical thinking, and an openness to strangers and new ideas.And the surprising reason for all that may very well have to do with the early Roman Catholic Church and its campaign against marriage within families, according to new research published in Science by Joseph Henrich, chair of the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, and a team of collaborators. “If you’re going to ask the rise-of-the-West question,” said Henrich, an author of the paper, “there’s this big unmentioned thing called psychology that’s got to be part of the story.”About a decade ago Henrich coined the acronym WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich and democratic) to describe the characteristics of cultures that embrace individualism. And those groups were weird, which is to say unusual within the rest of the modern world’s substantial psychological variation. Most of the prior studies attempting to explain the discrepancies focused solely on geographic or ecological factors.Henrich and his collaborators decided to look at how social groups mold the psychology and values of members, the most important and fundamental being the family.“There’s good evidence that Europe’s kinship structure was not much different from the rest of the world,” said Jonathan Schulz, an assistant professor of economics at George Mason University and another author of the paper. But then, from the Middle Ages to 1500 A.D., the Western Church (later known as the Roman Catholic Church) started banning marriages to cousins, step-relatives, in-laws, and even spiritual-kin, better known as godparents.,Why the church grew obsessed with incest is still unknown. Co-author Jonathan Beauchamp, assistant professor of economics at George Mason University, suggests that one possible reason may have been material gain. Religious leaders could benefit financially from shrinking family ties — without a tight extended network those without heirs often left their wealth to the church. Whatever the reasons, one thing seems clear: The Western Church’s crusade coincides with a significant loosening in Europe’s kin-based institutions.Comparing exposure to the Western Church with their “kinship intensity index,” which includes data on cousin marriage rates, polygyny (where a man takes multiple wives), co-residence of extended families, and other historical anthropological measures, the team identified a direct connection between the religious ban and the growth of independent, monogamous marriages among nonrelatives. According to the study, each additional 500 years under the Western Church is associated with a 91 percent further reduction in marriage rates between cousins.,“Meanwhile in Iran, in Persia, Zoroastrianism was not only promoting cousin marriage but promoting marriage between siblings,” Henrich said. Although Islam outlawed polygyny extending beyond four wives, and the Eastern Orthodox Church adopted policies against incest, no institution came close to the strict, widespread policies of the Western Church.Those policies first altered family structures and then the psychologies of members. Henrich and his colleagues think that individuals adapt cognition, emotions, perceptions, thinking styles, and motivations to fit their social networks. Kin-based institutions reward conformity, tradition, nepotism, and obedience to authority, traits that help protect assets — such as farms — from outsiders. But once familial barriers crumble, the team predicted that individualistic traits like independence, creativity, cooperation, and fairness with strangers would increase.Using 24 psychological variables collected in surveys, experiments, and observations, they measured the global prevalence of traits that correspond or conflict with individualism. To test for willingness to help strangers, for example, they collected data on blood-donation rates across Italy, finding a correlation between high donation rates and low cousin-marriage rates. With their kinship intensity index, Schutz said, they can also predict which diplomats in New York City will or will not pay parking tickets: Those from countries with higher rates of cousin marriages are more likely to get a ticket and less likely to pay one.And, although willingness to trust strangers, as opposed to family or neighbors, is associated with higher levels of innovation, greater national wealth, and faster economic growth, which factor causes which is not yet known.“We’re not saying that less-intensive kin-based institutions are better,” said Beauchamp. “Far from it. There are trade-offs.” Tight families, for example, come with inborn financial safety nets. We solved the problem! Now let’s unsolve it. New research by Daniel Gilbert speaks to our conflicted relationship with progress Related A groundbreaking researcher in running turns his attention to walking, with and without shoes The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Songs in the key of humanity Some musical meaning may transcend cultural boundaries and be universally human, study says